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Modern Chinese History How Successful Was China In Developing Into A Modern State In The Early 1900's?

896 words - 4 pages

In the early 1900's, China, was in the middle of a political turmoil as it was undergoing fundamental changes in politics as well as society due to politicians and activists, such as Sun Yet-sen, the founder of the Republic of China, pushing for China to reform from the traditional feudal system of the dynasties to a modern democracy modeled after Europe. Looking at various aspects, such as the levels of education and technology, and the strength of the central government of China at the time, one can then infer that China's development and modernization during the early 1900's was only successful to a certain extent.The condition that China was in, politically, economically, and socially, ...view middle of the document...

During this period of time, the Chinese government did not have the time or the ability to set up effective reforms and work towards modernization, as the result of China's state of turmoil and political unrest, which was the result of internal uprisings, rebellions, dissension among various warlords, and conflicts with foreign powers that led to foreign exploitation. According to the 'World Heritage' packet, the Taiping, and Muslim rebellions caused an unparalleled magnitude of torment and suffering, as they brought chaos and anarchy to various parts of China, draining the resources of the already weakened Manchu government. The Opium war and China's other conflicts with foreign powers at this time resulted in China's loss, after which the foreign power in question would sign treaties with China, forcing China to cede certain cities to them, creating 'treaty ports' and colonies, directly ruled by the foreign power (World Heritage packet, section on treaty ports). During this time period, warlords, who had small armies took control of various parts of China, causing internal divisions and, according to the 'a tale of bandits' packet, pillaged villages and killed many peasants. Each of these events were severe blows to the Manchu government, which was unable to handle the situation with its limited resources, and lack of technology. Therefore, lowering the chances of successful reforms in politics and society in general.Despite the social and economic conditions China was in, and the fact that it was in a constant state of turmoil, China was...

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