Modern Doemstic Design And Traditional German Architecture

3014 words - 12 pages

Heinrich Tessenow’s (1876 –1950) family house built in 1930’s in Germany consists of two floors and one basement, with a staircase that links all floors together as one. The house has one supporting pillar that is hidden away in the basement; the house comes with seven reasonable sized windows on all four walls of the building. The roof of the house is pitched up towards the sky, in the shape of a triangle on both sides of the building. The house is made of wood and bricks. (Fg.1)

The style and design of the house is classical and contemporary for its time. In terms that he uses traditional craftwork, for example wooden carved doors with the area around the entrance covered in wood including the triangular sides of the roof with the window panels carved out of wood as well. Classical components are seen all over the building from the simple and traditional window designs, door style and exterior pattern created by the bricks and wooden walls. The building dose not standout in the surrounding landscape an environment, because the colour of the wood in the exterior, is seen in the landscape, which helps the building blend in well with its environment. Contemporary in terms, that in its present day during the 20th century it was a commonly seen building style and design. (find evidence in sources to bck these statements)

The layout takes a basic and traditional design; with an entrance and lobby attached on to an open plan living room and dining room that has an entrance then into the kitchen and stairwell to the basement and second floor. The first floor is on ground level with the basement underground a second floor above ground level. The first floor has three main windows one large window in the living room facing south unto the large patio that is semi-enclosed with wooden fences on the right and left side of the south facing wall. The second medium sized window faces north of the living room, lastly on the first floor the smallest window faces east from the kitchen. The second floor is divided into five different areas the stairwell, the 2 bedrooms, the storage rooms and the bathroom and toilet. The second floor also has two main sets of grouped windows; the west facing group of windows only consisting of three small narrow windows that are placed were the two bed rooms are. The second group of windows facing east consist of two small narrow windows that open from the kitchen and the other from the corridor near the stairwell. The layout of the house is very predictable for its period of time and country, majority of the houses followed the same traditional patterns of a kitchen and living room on the ground floor and bed rooms and bath rooms on the second floor. Tessenow’s layout and style demonstrates that he was a traditional architect, who built traditionally designed houses.

Tessenow was described by one of his students as a person with a preference for architecture that expresses national culture and simplified forms. What he...

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