Modern History Revolutions And Turmoil The Russian Revolution.

1149 words - 5 pages

The fact that the autocracy collapsed in Feb. 1917 is not very surprising at all. One might agree that if for some favourable reason World War I did not take place then neither would the Russian Revolution. Or it may have happened, but later than it did. There was mass discontent spreading throughout Russia at the time of Tsar Nicholas II and the war put too much of a strain upon the nation for it to recover. The 'undeveloped' country had huge problems that ultimately led to financial collapse. Russia was falling apart from the outside in. Many reforms were abolished and new revolutionary groups were starting to emerge.Conscripts suffered because Russia was a 'backward' country that lagged behind most other European nations. Its technology, education system, and form of government were far inferior to countries like France, America and England. Some revolutionary groups such as the 'Westernises' tried to embrace western ideas, but other groups as well as the Tsar's secret police opposed them. Therefore Russia remained resistant to western influences and was 'behind the times' in no position to be fighting either the Russo-Japanese War of 1904-05 or The Great War (WW I). Because of repression from the Tsarist monarchy and reluctance to change Russia was stuck back in the 18th century and therefore lost the Russo-Japanese War. This was a major set back for Russia not only because they didn't get their ice free port but also because they lost! This was significant because the people of Russia believed Asian countries were somehow inferior to European countries like Russia. This was quite damaging to Russia's reputation and made a large percentage of the people realise how 'behind' Russia was. During this war Russia used mainly conscripts that cost money and food. The manpower needed was as demanding as the amount the peasants were taxed to keep up with the costs of the war. There was rising discontent spreading throughout the peasantry; this was fuel for a revolution.Russia's economy was in a state of collapse after the onset of WW I that was going to lead to the fundamental aspects of revolutionary material such as the formation of new classes and events like 'Bloody Sunday'. Although the industrial revolution had barely infiltrated the nation there were a number of factories popping up throughout the country. In the late 1880's there were two new classes emerging: the 'Proletariat' or factory workers, and the emerging middle class or 'bourgeoisie' (like in France). These new classes brought about some economic growth after the Russo-Japanese War, but it wasn't enough to get Russia back on its feat before the new war. Factory conditions were shocking; factories were over-crowded slums with unsanitary living conditions and inadequate heating. There was no privacy and disease was speeding. Despite all this the Proletariat made almost nothing and had no opportunity to find other employment. This financial strain led to a workers strike in 1905. Father...

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