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Modern Olympic Movement Essay

911 words - 4 pages

There are many various factors that have shaped the modern Olympic movement from 1892 to 2002. The original goal was to create an international community through sports competition. Much like the Ancient games between Greek city-states, the games were made to promote unity. However, as time passed many worldwide events such as the Cold War and women suffrage altered the goals of the Olympics. Political views and movements began to shape the Olympics. In addition, economic gains and pursuits became an important aspect of the Olympics. The participation of nations during the 20th century involved nationalism as well as social, political, and economic reasons for joining and participating in the Olympics.
The Olympics were originally created with the intention of creating an international community of peace. As stated in document 1 and 6 the Olympics were supposed to become “the true free trade of the future.” This means that through the Olympics, peace would become international, similar to peace created by free trade. Similarly, document 6 describes that the ****** promulgated by the Olympic Games are those of peaceful foreign policy, democracy, and social progress. In the document, the Soviets write that they have been chosen as hosts because they retain an ideal peace, which is the ****** of the Olympics. Documents 1’s author, the creator of the Olympics is a reliable source because it describes what the actual innovator ****** for the Olympics. However, document 6 may not be a reliable source. This is because during the 1980’s the USSR was a communist country. The supposed “peaceful foreign policy” and “democracy” described in the document is not characteristic of the USSR in that ******. In fact, the USSR was engaged in the Cold War under the leadership of Breshev during the 1980’s. Foreign policy was hostile to the US as well as Eastern Europe. IN addition, the source is a guide to the press. The USSR is trying to exude an appearance of peace, which is simply not true during that period.
Another aspect that shaped the Olympics was that of political interests during the 20th century. Certain nations participated in the Olympics as a means of competing with rival nations. In documents 3,4, and 10, the idea of 20th century ****** for superiority is expressed. Document 3 expresses the desire of the Nazi Germans team to show their superiority in the ski events. The team used their position and competition in the Olympic in order to show that their political system of a fascist-Nazi regime created by Hitler was better than Western democracies. This idea was also sparked by radical nationalism produced by the country’s leader, Hitler. Hitler, with a policy of ****** believed that Germans were a superior, Aryan race. ...

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