Modern Social Theory Essay

1495 words - 6 pages

MODERN SOCIAL THEORYSymbolic interactionism emphasizes the constructed and negotiated aspects of the self and social life more generally. As a result, it shifts attention from analyses of the structural and institutional features of society. How might some of the key concepts in this framework (for instance, meaning, impression management, and definition of the situation, interaction rituals, front and backstage) used to explore social relations in the family, peer groups, religious groups and sporting teams? Reference should be made to Symbolic Interactionism and Dramaturgy .Symbolic interactionism is one of the major theoretical perspectives in sociology. This persepective has a long intellectual history, beginning with the German psychologist and economist Max Weber and American philosopher, George Herbert Mead, both of whom emphasized the subjective meaning of human behaviour, the social process and pragmatism. Erving Goffman is generally associated with the ideas and concepts of symbolic interactionism and was strongly influenced by the work of George Herbert Mead. Goffman's focus was on investigating human interactions and how people presented themselves in everyday settings. Focusing on theories of Symbolic Interactionism and Dramaturgy, I will investigate social relations in work groups, religious groups and sporting teams.Mead is generally regarded as the founder of the symbolic interaction approach. George Herbert Mead was trained in social psychology and philosophy and spent most of career at the University of Chicago. Mead's major work is the Mind, Self and Society (1934), a series of his essays put together after Mead's, in which he emphasizes how the social world develops various mental states in an individual (Craib 1992, p. 85). According to the theory, the meaning of objects, events and behaviours comes from the interpretation people give them. Blumer (1969) proposed three fundamental premises which posits that "human beings act toward things on the basis of the meanings which these things have for them, the meaning of a thing for a person grows out of the ways in which other persons act toward the person with regard to the thing, the use of meanings by the actor occurs through a process of interpretation".Mead viewed the self as an acting organism, not a passive vessel that simply receives and responds to stimuli". According Mead, the distinction between human and non-humans is demonstrated because humans have the ability to delay their reactions to a stimulus. Non-humans display intelligence because they can often act together or adjust what they do to the actions of other animals. While humans may do this through involuntary gestures, Mead thought that only humans can adjust their actions by using significant or meaningful symbols.While the social world is composed of material and objective features, what distinguishes humans is their use of communication through symbols. The use of symbols is simply one of a number of types...

Find Another Essay On Modern social Theory

Psychoanalysis in Modern Theory: An Inheritance from Sigmund Freud

2242 words - 9 pages that many of Freud’s theories have not withstood the test of scientific scrutiny, few can argue against the fact that Freudianism is still impactful and has permeated other branches of modern theory. To prove this point, we can bring to attention the names of two modern theorists that have not only built upon Freud’s ideas in their work, but have consequently expanded his influence into other realms of literature, and other spheres of study

Psychology / the use and definition of psychology and its advantages to modern medical theory

1345 words - 5 pages " (Toni Blake). Locke's and Plato's theories were known as nature verses nurture. Plato siding with the nature side, and Locke with the nurture part. Immanuel Kant gave the modern belief saying, "The form of thought and action is provided by nature, but the content is provided by experience (Compton's CD). His theory has become widely accepted in the psychology field. Today psychologists think our experiences are what shape the way we believe or what

Modern Portfolio Theory

4176 words - 17 pages Modern Portfolio Theory: An OverviewIf you were to craft the perfect investment, you would probably want its attributes to include high returns coupled with little risk. The reality, of course, is that this kind of investment is next to impossible to find. Not surprisingly, people spend a lot of time developing methods and strategies that come close to the "perfect investment". But none is as popular, or as compelling, as modern portfolio theory

Theory of Modern Revolution: Edmund Burke

1691 words - 7 pages In 1959, Singapore gained its independence from British colonial rule with help from the People’s Action Party (PAP). The PAP started a rebellion against British colonial rule and ultimately led to the union with Malaya to create the federation of Malaysia. This federation did not last long due to cultural and political issues, and in 1965, Singapore officially became an independent nation. According to Edmund Burke’s Theory of Modern Revolution

Modern Human Origins: The Multiregional Theory

1566 words - 7 pages Multiregional Evolution: a theory that suggests modern humans evolved from individual populations of Homo erectus throughout Europe, Asia, and Africa during the middle of the Pleistocene epoch. Its supporters claim that premodern humans, Homo erectus, migrated from Africa to Europe and Asia and that gene flow amongst these population is responsible for the evolution of modern Homo sapiens (Jurmain, Kilgore, Trevathan, and Ciochon, 2013). This

Feminist Theory in Modern Time: Christine de Pizan

1456 words - 6 pages Feminism is an group of engagements and viewpoints intended at affirming, beginning, and Sheltering corresponding major, pecuniary, general, and mutual claims for women. This comprises gaining to generate duplicate visions for women in guidance plus appointment. A feminist cheers or restraints the impartialities and evenhandedness of women. Feminist theory, which occurred from feminist doings, marks to twig the kind of masculinity

Modern Portfolio Theory, Financial Engineering, and Their Roles in Financial Crises

1155 words - 5 pages The article “Modern Portfolio Theory, Financial Engineering, and Their Roles in Financial Crises” discusses modern portfolio theory, and the financial engineering. The author mentions roles that modern portfolio theory and financial engineering played in the financial crises. Also, the author states the issue of why elegant mathematics leads to bad polices. In this assignment, I will summarize most of the points that are discussed in the article

Dividend Growth Model, Capital Asset Pricing Model, Modern Portfolio Theory, Estimation of Untraded Stocks

1248 words - 5 pages Portfolio Theory is an attempt to balance the risks and rewards of investment portfolios through the use of diversification to lower the risk of the entire portfolio while maintaining high returns. The use of Beta is a key concept in Modern Portfolio Theory. It uses CAPM as its basis to select investments within a portfolio; seeking to mix stocks with both positive and negative Betas to construct a portfolio with a minimal Beta for the group of stocks

Are Modern Humans Still Evolving? A research paper on the relevancy of Darwin's age-old theory

1751 words - 7 pages AbstractEvolution has occurred in humans for millions of years; however, in a modern society many scientists and evolutionists are now debating whether or not it is still occurring, and if it follows the same rules. With all of the new technology humans have created, some experts believe that humans have essentially conquered nature, and no further evolutionary changes will occur. Still, others hold opposing views; some experts believe that

This is about modern management theory on value based management. It introduce concept of balance scorecard as a modern management tool

1673 words - 7 pages Traditional performance measures are insufficient to gauge performance and guide organizations in today's rapidly changing, complex economic landscape. Organizations need to link performance measurement to strategy, and must measure performance in ways that both promote positive future results and reflect past performance.The Balanced Scorecard has developed over the last eleven years as a powerful way to implement strategy and continuously

The Three Sociologists: Marx, Durheim, and Weber

1188 words - 5 pages leads to the condition of human behaviour in society. (Tim Butler and Paul Watt 2007). Emile Durkheim futhermore had his own theory on social inequality which was that, in modern society’s traditional norms and standards become undermined with this he concluded that social inequality was a way of life and a natural result of the so-ciety we live in, by this meaning it is okay and necessary to have a variety of social classes and a range of

Similar Essays

Modern Social Theory Essay

1495 words - 6 pages , daughter, team mate) that individuals play on a daily basis, and how easily they are able to adapt and conform to these different characters.REFERENCESCraib, I. (1992). Modern Social Theory: From Parsons to Habermas (2nd edition). HarvesterWheatsheaf.Peter Kivisto and Dan Pittman. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.sagepub.com/upm-data/16569_Chapter_10.pdfRitzer, G. (2011). Sociological Theory (8th edition). The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.Turner, J. H. (2013). Theoretical Sociology 1830 To The Present. SAGE Publications, Inc.

Description Of Modern Theory Of Social Policy

1506 words - 6 pages Social PolicyThe name 'social policy' is used to apply1. to the policies which governments use for welfare and social protection2. to the ways in which welfare is developed in a society, and3. to the academic study of the subject.In the first sense, social policy is particularly concerned with social services and the welfare state. In the second, broader sense, it stands for a range of issues extending far beyond the actions of government - the

The Modern Dream Theory Essay

2746 words - 11 pages and Modern Conflict Theory." Routledge Taylor & Francis Group, 1 Apr. 2008. Web. 21 Oct. 2013.Curci, Antoniettia, and Bernard Rime. "Dreams, Emotions, and Social Sharing of Dreams." Psychology Press, 1 Jan. 2008. Web. 17 Nov. 2013.D'Amato, Barbara. "Aggression in Dreams-intersecting Theories: Freud, Modern Psychoanalysis, Threat Simulation Theory." N.p., 1 July 2010. Web. 21 Oct. 2013.Freud, Sigmund. The Interpretation of Dreams. New York

Stakeholder Theory Of The Modern Corporation

840 words - 4 pages , both theories have a lot in common and they cannot be divided. According to Hawke both theories “used to justify differing views on: whistle- blowing, tax avoidance, risk to auditor independence, deception and exploitation in business transactions”. (Hawke, 2010) Both theories have the same practical implementations and the same consequences, which mean that if stakeholder theory is true, then shareholders theory is trues. In the modern