Modern Warfare Tactics From Romans And Greeks

1054 words - 5 pages

Rome and Greece were two of the most powerful and influential regions in the ancient world. Both regions had excellent armies and battle strategies; they also dominated most of the world at that point in history. Also, Rome and Greece had provided a multitude of different ideas to different cultures that affected how those cultures were formed. Even today the ideas, inventions, and strategies that the Romans and Greeks came up with are used in our modern day and will be used for many more years to come. This is the description of how modern warfare tactics have been influenced by the Romans and the Greeks.

The city of Rome, founded in a strategic location among a war-like people,(the ...view middle of the document...

This tactic was commonly used in many cultures in the Pre-Early Modern age, and it was called the “Wall” because of what it looked like; the wedge, which was commonly used by attacking legionaries. Legionaries formed in the shape of a triangle, which was the front tip and also had one man pointing toward the enemy, this enabled small groups to be thrusted into the enemy and, when these formations expanded, the enemy troops were pushed into restricted positions, making hand-to-hand fighting difficult. The order to repel cavalry brought about the following formation. The first rank would form a firm wall with their shields, only their pila protruding, forming a line of glistening spearheads in front of the wall of shields. A horse, however well trained, could not break through such a barrier. The second rank of the infantry would then use its spears to drive off any attackers trying to break through the lines of the army. This formation would no doubt prove very effective, particularly against ill-disciplined enemy cavalry. These were some of the battle formations that the Romans used in battle that proved to be really affective.

The Romans, and many other regions used A Scorched Earth policy. A Scorched Earth Policy is a military policy which involves destroying anything that could be helpful to the enemy while marching through or withdrawing from an area. It is a military strategy where all of the assets that are used or can be used by the enemy are destroyed, such as food sources, transportation, communications, and even the people in the area. During the Second Punic War, the Carthaginians used this form of destruction while advancing through Italy. After the end of the Third Punic War, the Roman Senate also chose to use this form of destruction to destroy the Carthaginian capital, Carthage ( located in Northern Africa). The buildings were torn down, their stones scattered, and the fields were burned so that nothing remained.

Examples for more modern day Scorched Earth Policy is in the The American Civil War. In the Civil War, the...

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