Contemporary Western Critique In Third World Cinema

2269 words - 9 pages

This essay will look at three films by three different directors, all of whom are Third‐World born, European‐ (higher) educated, and whose films have all investigated the legacies and effects of postcolonialism as it relates to those having acted both colonizers and colonized. The films are made up of two documentaries, I’m British but... by Gurinder Chadha and Lumumba: Death of a Prophet by Raoul Peck, as well as the semi‐fictional Pièces d' Identités by Mweze Ngangura. Even though the latter of these directors have directed documentaries as well, of which in no doubt touches upon very similar themes as the other ones looked at here, I have chosen Pièces d' Identités deliberately in that it in its insertion of historic newsreels footage aims to transgress conventions of the single‐genre film, and that can thus remain a relevant subject in this comparative study. Interestingly enough, that particular footage is used in Death of a Prophet as well, which, again, establishes a close correlation between the films. More specifically, this paper will examine the issue of postcolonialism through the lens of so‐called “Third Cinema,” a fairly recent genre that these directors have all helped establish. In addition, I will argue that this mode of genre attempts to reverse the now historic, imperial Western gaze and instead turn the former colonizer into the critical object of study. The outcome, I will attempt to prove, is an examination of a post‐colonial Europe towards which those assimilated into it often experience complex emotions of both optimism and rejection.
But in order to pursue this study of what I deem be prime examples of Third Cinema‐films, offering a definition of what such films exactly constitute, and perhaps just as importantly explain why that genre differ from so‐called “Third World cinema” is in order. Rather fittingly, Shoba S. Rajgopal in a discussion involving Gurinder Chadha’s films offers a good definition:
I categorize this cinema not within the purview of “Third World cinema,” which, following Teshome Gabriel’s (1982) work, refers to an ensemble of films produced by Third World countries and juxtaposed against the work of First World filmmakers. But rather, I categorize this as “Third Cinema,” following Paul Willemen’s (1989) concept of this cinema as an ideological project, that is, as a body of films adhering to a particular political and aesthetic program, whether or not they are produced by Third World people themselves. In this case, the films are produced by people descended from immigrants from the Third World, and hence, they cannot be considered filmmakers from the Third World as they occupy a space somewhere in between ‐ what has been categorized as a possible third space that occupies both an insider and outsider status. (52)
Admittedly, Raoul Peck’s biography may not entirely adhere to this definition, having spent much of his early life in Haiti and Congo; still, considering how by his own definition he has...

Find Another Essay On Contemporary Western Critique in Third World Cinema

Conflicts in the Third World Essay

1372 words - 5 pages In this essay I will discuss why the Third World has been the sight of most of the world's conflicts since 1945. The conflicts that have transpired have been mostly internal and not just between these countries and their neighbors. They range in wars regarding religion, liberation, rebelling, and civil wars to name a few. I will consider these conflicts and their make up in regards to countries involved in the most serious conflicts along

urbanization in third world countries Essay

1284 words - 5 pages people in these third world cities.      The people in these cities lack not only those things that are necessary to sustain life- such as food, clean water and adequate sewage. But they also lack those things that we consider to be essential to life such as electricity, running water, and education, forget any of the things that we just have to enjoy, like cars clothes candy drugs television and entertainment. Eventually

A Look at the Tattoo from the Late Eighteenth Century to Contemporary Times in the Western World

2684 words - 11 pages pockets of Western society that it had the opportunity to become fashionable.Today the tattoo is seen as the choice of the individual and a proclamation of bodily autonomy. One need only consider the use of tattoos in the Second World War to see how this conception is a mere construct. The Holocaust provides living documented evidence of Western use of the tattoo as an exercise of state authority. The 'ka-tzetnik' identification system for Jews in

The Beautiful in Kant's Third Critique and Aristotle's Poetics

3413 words - 14 pages The Beautiful in Kant's Third Critique and Aristotle's Poetics ABSTRACT: I argue that Kant's analysis of the experience of the beautiful in the third Critique entails an implicit or potential experience of the sublime, that is, the sublime as he himself describes it. Finding the sublime in the beautiful is what I call philosophical beauty. I then consider some aspects of Aristotle's analysis of tragedy in the Poetics, specifically his

Medical Practices in Third World Countries

1030 words - 4 pages agents – needs to be added to their ranks. This agent is the lack of faith in western medical system within third-world nations. Medicine (or medical systems) in developing nations is a second-rate affair (without the effectiveness seen in first-world nations) that, rather than diminish, enforces a lack of faith and trust in western medical practices. Medicine in the west is a success; millions of people live relatively disease-free lives

To Live in a Third World Country

631 words - 3 pages The United States is a wonderful place to live, but there are advantages to living, for a time, in a third world country. An argument could be made that raising children in a third world country would be beneficial . Also, living in a third world country for a year would be a great learning experience for college students. Our society would benefit if more of its citizens took the opportunity and lived outside the Unites States for a short

Dumping of Products in Third World Countries

1599 words - 6 pages Made in the USA- Moral JudgmentFor years, the United States has been dumping export materials and goods that have been banned or found to be hazardous to the health of the people the United States. In the case Made in the U.S.A. - Dumped in Brazil, Africa, Iraq…, the case informs about how the United States dumped fire-retardant children's pajamas, baby pacifiers, chemicals, etc. in third world countries without their knowing of the

Child Labor in Third World Countries

622 words - 2 pages Child Labour in Third World Countries Missing Works Cited Child labour is the employment of children as money earners. It became a serious social problem in the Industrial Revolution in Britain during the 1700's, and the problem spread to other countries as they became industrialized. The problem arose when children, many below the age of 10, were employed by factories and mines. The youths were forced to work long hours under dangerous and

Government Corruption in the Third World

1326 words - 6 pages People in third world country’s suffer under the hands of their corrupt leaders things like this happen in the united states, but they are not as noticeable as they are elsewhere. In third world countries like Syria, there is a lot of injustice in many things especially in the government. In certain instances, they call themselves a democracy and don't let their people vote in important decisions. Government corruption is a huge problem that

The Invisible Revolution in the Third World

1864 words - 8 pages caused corruption to flawlessly growing. This made Peru to become a third world corrupted state. Since the Peruvian mercantilism continue to decline. Obviously, it is impossible that it will regain social relevance and that the situation will not continue to deteriorate. In 1985, new government took office, “the minister of the interior informed Parliament that there had been 282 land invasions in Peru so far that year, 153 of which had

The world banks role in developing third world countries

702 words - 3 pages for this environmental destruction? And how much at fault are they?The World Bank and IMF have been at the forefront of many development projects for over two decades. Two decades ago Western Banks "replete with money deposits and unable to recirculate it in the western world because of recession, were all to eager to lend to third world countries at cheap interest rates and are now calling for repayment at the current higher interest rates." As

Similar Essays

Third World Cinema Essay

1244 words - 5 pages What is Third World Cinema? Third world Cinema is a project that has guided filmmakers through the regions of Africa, Asia, and Latin America. Third World cinema involves factors such as economic, cultural, and social. Third world cinema expresses issues, problems and emotions that no other cinema expresses. Third World cinema makes you become critical viewers. The book “Third World Film Making and the West”, talks about Frantz Fanon a

Western Feminism Is Promoting Colonialism In The Third World

1678 words - 7 pages Chandra Mohanty argues in her essay “Under Western Eyes: Feminist Scholarship and Colonial Discourses” that many Western feminists write about women in the Third World as if they were a homogenous mass. She argues in her essay that the Western feminists need to see the variety among women in the Third World. While at times she falls into the same generalization trap that she accuses the Western women of making, she ultimately proves that the

Third World Country In Comparison With Western Style Economy

4654 words - 19 pages Third World Country in Comparison with Western Style EconomyWith an overall comparison of Australia and Vietnam's economic structure through economic systems, economic indicators, fiscal and monetary policies, and international trade, Australia is a more efficient economy than Vietnam's economy. Australia is more free-market then Vietnam when analysing their political economic structure based on political economic spectrum, economic system, and

The Problem With Western Perspectives On Child Labour In Third World Countries

1355 words - 6 pages The problem with viewing child labour in third world countries Exploitative labour has been a problem worthy of concern since the industrial revolution, more so with the ongoing human rights and equality movements around the world. Some may argue that it is the equivalent of modern slavery, others such as Karl Marx attributes exploitation as a by-product of capitalism. Exploitative labour is not slavery but it does contain some qualities thereof