Modernism By Grotesque In Shakespeare Essay

1287 words - 5 pages

At the end of the period of the transition from Feudalism to Capitalism,ShakespeareHad exhibited an understanding of the renaissance drama as being intertwined with thePublic.His reflection of the world in a realistic way in his works,maturity he shows in hisCharacter descriptions,his dramatic dialect ripe with tension,his superb handling of theLanguage,his humanist background had enabled him to gain a strong,infallible positionİn english and world theatres.His works have had an enormous influence on realisticLiterature and his peculiar understanding of literature stems from anthic culture and fromEnglish perception of history.Among his works,the one which matters the most to usCould be King Lear.It is still counted as a masterpiece.Yet,it is in the romantic periodThat it has attained its highest popularity.In this work,it is quite easy to come acrossScenes which fit in well with the romantic perception of the world.Gloomy castles,forsakenHollow places,and such areas which give people a certain amount of fear.The haplessDestiny of Lear and Gloucester entices feelings of sorrow and mercy.Later on,We across more realistic Shakesperian intepretations;in these interpretationsThe scene and the plot setting presides.There is nothing left of the theatricalShakespeare.With the dawn of the new century,he is interpreted within hisOwn period.Thereafter the winds will break not within the stage but withinLear and Gloucester.King Lear is funny,gullible and foolish.When he isİn tantrums,he does not awaken feelings of pity and terror but ratherMercy.So is Gloucester;he looks like a character coming straight out ofVoid comedies,with an ordinary character.We can say that neither romanticNor naturalist theatre could catch up with Shakespeare or his period.This a new type of theatre could achieve;and like in classic theatres we doNot see characters or tragic elements in this theatre;this theatre is Grotesque;And it is even more merciless than tragedy.In this concept,the differences between classic and modern tragedy come out into theOpen.In the tragic and grotesque world conditions are enforced upon characters;likeLear's both daughters being hypocrites.Freedom to will and choice is a part of thisCondition.So that,tragic or grotesque hero,who findsa himself in this case,mustAlways lose this struggle waged against this impalpable power.Im classic tragedy,Downfall of the hero is in a way the recognition and the verification of this unseenPower.Whereas,the fall of the Grotesque hero means mocking this power andNot respecting it,not in the least.This imperceptible power turns into a blindMechanism,into a sort of robot.Mockery,is not only directed at the tyrannicalPerson but at the victim.In pagan tragedy,tragedy is the will of the human fate,an account of the unseen power.In modern tragedy,there is a criticism directedat this power through Grotesque theatre.While classic tragedy creates catharsis,modern grotesque tragedy does not give out any consolations in...


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