Modernism In Latin America Essay

1024 words - 5 pages

Latin America is a region of happiness and hatred, but most of all, Latin America is a place of history and change. Like many movements in history there is a rise and fall, the meaning of modernism in the Latin Americas enhances our understanding of humanities because it gives us a better understanding of human experiences at the time and it gives the viewer a sense of connection with those who have come before them. Of those people two of them can otherwise be known as Rubén Darío and José Martí.
The Spanish language literary movement Modernismo (also known as Modernism) emerged near the late 1880’s.It was a form of language that by now has faded due to changes in society. For starters, this literary movement had a large influence on romanticism and symbolism, and found influence in European models that were greatly admired ("donquijote.org"). Modernism is a movement that fought against the middle-class, looking for an aristocratic enhancement in the content and the beauty of the form, changing the metrics of poetry in Spanish to become more like classical Latin forms ("donquijote.org"). Modernisms theme focused mainly on love, loneliness, sensuality, and eroticism. These were all idealistic for the meaning of a woman. Exoticism in modern poetry is also vital and it is shown through the language used, for example exotically named flowers like the lotus or magnolia; materials such as silk and porcelain; precious stones for example jade, emeralds and rubies; mythological and exotic place names; sayings and Gallicisms; all of which create an aristocratic atmosphere ("donquijote.org").

In comparison, to the many influential writers of the time, Rubén Darío was and is one of the most influential writers of the century in both Spain and the Americas. His work was considered to be the rise and height of modernism and as a diplomat, journalist, and poet since the age of twelve; this allowed him to travel to a great deal of different countries. Influenced by French romanticism Victor Hugo in the beginning, though he later leaned more towards the Parnassian writers, in the crucial year in regards to Spanish history, 1898, Darío arrived in Barcelona where he stayed in Spain and sparked the admiration of a group of young modernists who would go down in the history of Spanish literature ("donquijote.org"). Among them were, Ramón María del Valle-Inclán a Spanish dramatist, poet and novelist who joint an abundant use of language with unpleasant social satire, Juan Ramón Jiménez whose poetry was influenced by French Symbolism and Jacinto Benavente a Spanish dramatist. Rubén’s work came to be so influential his pieces were being memorized in schools and copied by thousands of poets around the world. "Azul..." is considered the first book of Modernism in the Spanish language and his use of the Alexandrine verses in particular was an enormous influence in the Modernist movement ("Classicspanishbooks.com").

Another forerunner for the modernism movement was...

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