Modernism Vs Post Modernism Essay

1430 words - 6 pages

In the world we live in today, it's hard to imagine life without the presence of the mass media. The mass media in the past fifty years has gone from a national scale, to a global machine, echoing news from around the world at all times. No sooner than you hear about a hostage situation in Russia do you learn of a mushroom cloud being sited in North Korea. Yet while one hundred years ago all this may not bear any significance to the average American, in today's world of global markets and global media, it bears much more weight.The media has gone through three stages since it's formation. In the early days of man, the media, the way news was communicated, was extremely primitive. News was spread by word of mouth, or in some cases by manuscript. This kept communications very localized, as well as the arts. The media was a small scale operation, as the ability to mass produce documents was unavailable. With the arrival of the Gutenberg Press in 1455, the first books were able to be produced. This led to the first real boost in the pre-modern era of media. From 1455 to 1800 there was little change in the mass media. Books were printed, which led to the spread of education. Later the newspaper came about, which established daily news. All these aspects of the media revolved around a central medium; the printed word. This, along the media being restricted to localized communication, is what came to define the pre-modern era.At the end of the nineteenth century, the modern era of mass media began. With the Industrial Revolution came new concepts of society. The former hierarchies of rulers and peasants were transformed into factory owners and factory workers. New technologies were being used to make life better, and more profitable. While culture in the pre-modern period followed the thought of natural order, the modern period saw society effectively breaking out, and defining themselves as individuals. In the press, reporting went from subjective to objective; writers discarded the opinions from news, preferring a cleaner, more informative type of article. Radio, TV, and telephones all pushed the modernization of culture, making communication instantaneous. Overall, society underwent a perspective change, one from local to national, and even heading globally. People went from waking in the morning and having their town on their minds, to waking up and having their country on their minds.Post modernism is the ever evolving end result of the modern era. While in the modern era new technologies were being learned, now they have become commonplace. Opposition to hierarchies such as those of social status and value are more common due to the newfound power of the individual. While ballet and the theater were the "best" forms of art in the modern era, in the postmodern era society is becoming more and more reluctant to accept such narrow views. Globalization is the norm. Products are shipped to us from all over the world, making the world a smaller place,...

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