Modernity Essay

1671 words - 7 pages

Sociology Term EssayQ4. What does sociology contribute to an analysis of the culture of modernity ?To understand what sociology brings to a study of our modern culture we must understand how humanity has got to where it is today .We must ask why the way that humans live day to day has changed so dramatically over the past couple of hundred years .We get some of the answers from sociologists who observed and questioned these developments .The study of Sociology itself arrived as a product of modernity.The term modernity is "designed to encapsulate the distinctiveness, complexity and dynamism of social processes unleashed during the 18th and 19th centuries" , which make a distinct break from the traditional way of living .It has been called the "Great Transformation" .Sociology tells us what happened and why , it highlights greatly the difference between living 300 years ago.It can be seen as a combination of a number of new developments in production coinciding with some new theories and ideas.An example of one of these developments that can explain the arrival of modernity was the dramatic improvement in the transport system and other forms of communication .This greatly accelerated contact across distances and required the synchronization of activity using clocks and calendars .Anthony Giddens a modern day sociologist believed that this was typified by the railway timetable ,which he described as a "time space ordering device" , in other words something that helped to coordinate in different areas and time zones.In his book "Introductory Sociology" , Tony Bilton tells how modernity had a huge effect in such basic things as peoples diet .He highlights 18th Century England as an example of this how people of all classes daily intake consisted of produce from all over the globe .To show the extent of this he quotes Walvin (1992 ), "Tea from China , sugar and coffee from the West Indies , tobacco from Virginia , chocolate from Africa and America , rum from the Carribean: all were consumed at an increasingly large scale" .This I believe shows effectively how modernity had changed peoples culture, their eyes were opened to the life beyond their own shores. This again illustrated how commerce and global communication had gone from strength to strength in this new age of modernity.There is a common belief that modernity by its nature will only bring us forward , that everything that is new is better than what is old. But sociologists have always argued both cases , telling us that modernity is a mixed blessing with both positives and negatives .I believe Karl Marx is a good example of this , although he recognized the advances brought about by the transition from earlier societies .He mainly concentrated on what he saw as a negative side , the modern economic system and its resultant deformities ( alienation , exploitation and so on ).Marx believed that a society could be judged on how it organized the production of goods and services .He strongly...

Find Another Essay On Modernity

Disenchantment and Modernity Essay

1672 words - 7 pages of rebellion. This rebellion varied depending upon the artist and their interpretation but in all cases it served the same purpose – to enlighten and redefine what art “should be” and what can be called art. This disenchantment away from the stereotypical classic definitions of art and what is defined either as beautiful or skillful is part of the evolution from and into Modern Art and Modernity. Four artists and their work are specifically

Modernity is the second name of colonization

1715 words - 7 pages [Muhammad Irbaz Khan] Modernity is the second form of colonization The direct colonial rule, which has been gradually vanished after the Second World War, seemed to produce heartening era. After suffering a period of colonization in which sovereignty and independence was no where in sight, colonized people can at last enjoyed the luxury of having own state. However, it did not take long to see that the decline of colonial empires

Modernity - The change of a lifetime!

949 words - 4 pages Modernity is a "paradoxical unity, a unity of disunity" (Berman, 1988, p. 15). To go through modernity, to become modern is regarded as a scintillating experience, however it is an experience involving change. Change is an inherent part of modernity. This transformation of state and its consequences elicit different reactions from different people. Some of these include liberation and exhilaration, but also disparaging corollaries such as terror

Modernity: The Idea of Need Versus Want

1091 words - 5 pages Throughout time, the idea of modernity has evolved, constantly altering with developing technologies and generational changes. In Edward Bellamy’s, “Looking Backwards, 2000-1887,” we see the changes in occupations due to the availability, class, and connections that evolve over time (through 1887 and 2000). In Robert Crumb’s “A Short History of America,” he speaks about the advancement over time, industrialization, technology, colonization and

Modernity and The Age of Enlightenment

1554 words - 6 pages When talking about the concept of modernity, most people will probably think such concept is related to the contemporary era they live in where many advanced technology present in everyday life. In this so-called modern era, people from different regions and cultural backgrounds share many similar characteristics, such as their daily technology or civilization, general knowledge and science, and even the way they dressed. In fact, many

Resistance To The Modernity of American Culture

1213 words - 5 pages In the poem Howl, Allen Ginsberg challenges the political modernity of American culture that enforces the “best minds” to give up their freedom to gain the desired sense of normalcy that is glorified. He states “I saw the best minds of my generation destroyed by madness, starving hysterical naked/dragging themselves through the negro streets at dawn looking for an angry fix” (Ginsberg 9). That angry fix that he describes is what all of these

Japan: The Path To Cultural Modernity

1133 words - 5 pages attempt to adopt elements of Western civilization and combine them with Japan's traditions and morality. The steps that Japan took towards cultural modernity would help the nation become one the great powers that it is today.The first step towards cultural modernity would be the elimination of the shogunate, a system of government that is based around feudal military totalitarianism, and the removal of the Tokugawa system of guilds & protective

H.D.: The Fusion of Classicism and Modernity

1880 words - 8 pages H.D.: The Fusion of Classicism and Modernity With foundations rooted deeply in an appreciation for and understanding of classicism, H.D. fused ancient Grecian literature, thinking and mythology with modernistic feminism, bisexuality and psychoanalysis to establish for herself a prominent voice among her contemporaries. Born Hilda Doolittle in 1886 to Helen and Charles Doolittle, her education was fostered by the intellectual

Robinson Crusoe and Modernity: Ancient Hero

2316 words - 9 pages . Nevertheless, what can be said about Robinson Crusoe’s modernity if while reading the novel he continued reminding me to an ancient Greek hero Jason? In this paper, I will explore a proposal that Robinson Crusoe is an adaptation of an ancient hero into a modern one. To accomplish that, I will first compare and contrast noticeable commonalities of these two heroes, then I will review the dispute between scholars regarding a superiority of classical

The Effects of Modernity on Identity in Fight Club

1404 words - 6 pages The Effects of Modernity on Identity in Fight Club Identity is a definition of the self, an explanation of character. However, in the movie Fight Club, the components that comprise outward identity often prove to be transitory. Edward Norton’s “Jack” character asks, “If you wake up at a different time, in a different place, could you wake up as a different person?” The effects of modernity lead to the impermanence of self image, and the decay

Harbingers of Jewish Modernity: Marranos, Renaissance Jews, and Court Jews

769 words - 3 pages Before considering whether or not Marranos, Renaissance Jews, and Court Jews were harbingers of Jewish modernity, the boundaries of Jewish modernity itself should be defined. Jewish modernity began in the seventeenth century where, "according to nearly all views today, many of the elements that become constitutive of later Jewish life made their appearance to any degree (Myer)." Each of the groups mentioned appeared after the Spanish Inquisition

Similar Essays

Iran's Struggle With Modernity Essay

981 words - 4 pages 'Modernity typically refers to a post-traditional, post-medieval historical period, one marked by the move from feudalism (or agrarianism) toward capitalism, industrialization, secularization, rationalization, the nation-state and its constituent institutions and forms of surveillance.' (Wikipedia,, Accessed on Friday January 10th 2014) The two most important aspects of Modernity are described by the terms

Theory Of Modernity Essay

1053 words - 4 pages Theory of modernity is based on the notion of social progress, it implies that all of society, in whatever era they exist and in what region or were located, are involved in a single, all-consuming, the universal process of the ascent of human society from savagery to civilization. Culture of modernity is defining the development of European civilization for four centuries. It based on the idea of progress and human values, which are

Modernity And Nietzsche Essay

1984 words - 8 pages Throughout many centuries philosophers have tried to explain the nature of reality and the order that exists within the universe around us. The purpose of this paper is to first trace the developments that led up to modernity. Next I will react to the claim made by Fredrick Nietzsche that “God is dead” from a Biblical perspective.      Philosophers have attempted to answer that question of what reality is and how to

Effects Of Modernity Essay

906 words - 4 pages began to question religion. What has finally happened is that less people believe nowadays (in proportion) in major religious groups. People turn towards more sophisticated religion groups (sects) which are spread extensively worldwide (Macionis: 495). On the whole, life in modernity has nothing to do with life in traditional societies; this doesn’t mean that the way of life became worse; it is just different or even better in some aspects