Modernization In Thailand Essay

1249 words - 5 pages

Problems of Modernization in Siam
Modernization in Thailand demanded allegiance to the western ways of governance, religion and education. These were against the traditional Buddhism beliefs which stood for harmonious coexistence. Those who opposed the westerner’s view of how the country should be run like Pridi were disliked. Most of the leaders under the modern system used their power to glorify themselves at the expense of other citizens. There were always attempts in the political, military and business circles to demean the constitution. After Pridi was overthrown there was a deviation in the concept of peace, democracy and justice. He fought for democracy which guaranteed equality, liberty and independence for all (Sivaraksa 103-104).
Democracy lost its meaning from the reign of King Rama V. The Thais were forced to dress like the westerners. They were forced to decorate their houses the western way, their eating ways were altered by force, and their names were changed. They had to worship the flag every morning and dictatorship was considered the proper way of leadership (Sivaraksa 99).
There was change in the kind of art which appeared to abolish the Thai traditions. These changes were against the Thai tradition was contradicted by the western teachings and cultures. Modernity appeared to uproot the Thai traditional way of life and replace it with the western way of life. People were forced to dress in a different way, the tradition of music when working and harvesting reduced and disappeared. To the people, tradition appeared to ruin their moral conduct that encouraged the natural existence in harmony (Sivaraksa 109).
‘Civilization’ according to the westerners was living in the cities while in the past; Thais living in the forest was a noble thing. Western civilization however discouraged living in the forests and encouraged city life. The western civilization which was embraced by the locals believed in political power and technology which was contra to the Thais perception of good life. The traditional way of life was considered inferior in general. This led to the loss of important aspects as living in harmony with nature and protection of the animals and forests (Sivaraksa 110).
Modernization eroded the elite’s minds from the cultural foundation of the natural beauty of the environment. This was replaced by the view that progress meant abolishing the tradition and embracing the western type of development. In doing this, the environment lost its harmony when Western architecture was used to construct buildings in Asian background. The use of automobiles also contributes to environmental degradation. The community’s social fabric was torn affecting peoples way of thinking. Young Thais who pursued education abroad completely lost the traditions by admiring the west (Sivaraksa 112-114).
Western development has had its negatives on some Thais. It has led to the degradation of the positive aspects of the traditional Buddha’s...

Find Another Essay On Modernization in Thailand

democracy and development Essay

1754 words - 7 pages decisions in which individuals acquire power to decide by means of a competitive struggle for the people’s vote. With these diverging views it seems like people generally conceptualise what democracy is suppose to represent, but rarely agree on how best to define it in detail. In the 1950s development was very much related to the modernization of traditional societies in previous European colonies through the modernization theory. Modernization

A teacher role of Anna Leonowens in the Siamese court

686 words - 3 pages In 1999, Anna and the King movie was banned in Thailand because of historical inaccuracies. While outside of Thailand’s boundary, the stories of Anna and the King of Siam, either in form of novel, film or TV series, is interested by some foreigners and entertain them so much. The circumstance of movie ban might be a trail of negative attitude of Thais towards her story. Most of Thais believe that Mrs.Leonowens was just an English teacher

Land Conversion in the Philippines

3001 words - 12 pages because of the insufficient production to support the increasing population in the country. In 2008, the International Rice Research Institute stated that to support all the Filipinos in terms of rice, 5.5 metric tons was needed. Unfortunately, only 3 metric tons were created (IRIN). In the following year, the Philippines collected 4.53 M hectares, much lower than what other Southeast Asian countries like Vietnam and Thailand which collected 39.1

Regional Analysis: North American Free Trade Agreement

1527 words - 6 pages tariff rate on Mexican goods will encourage consumers to purchase the Mexican goods versus the Thailand goods. Another advantage of regional integration is the increase in sales. According to reports from the U.S. Department of Commerce, trade between the NAFTA countries has increased 200% and members of NAFTA have purchased a greater number of U.S. products and exports than was purchased in Europe. In addition, since the implementation of

Iranian Revolution 1978

4686 words - 19 pages justice in the face of the rising tide of Islamic fundamentalism. Afghan Muslim rebels are continuously challenging the Soviet-backed regime in Kabul.I affirm at this very initial stage and declare that the new Islamic challenge has not been confined to the Middle East alone. From the Philippines, Indonesia, Malaysia, and Thailand to Morocco and Tunisia to Yugoslavia and Bulgaria, the Muslim minorities are becoming more assertive in opposition to

Global Melting Pot - Not Oneself Anymore! The influence of globalization on people in one of the Middle East countries, Oman

1024 words - 4 pages different countries, has given and taken from other cultures. It has taken arts from Africa, science from Greece, as well as trees and numeracy from India after developing them in a way that matches its original culture. In other words, we can take advantage of the different aspects of globalization, such as information, modernization, and economical globalization, and, at the same time, stand out with our characteristic appearance, behaviour, and

The Future of Bangladesh - Myanmar Relationship and it's Effect on the Region

3092 words - 12 pages Yangoon is located in the Southeast Asian Region and covers an area of about 680,000 square kilometers and shares a common border with Bangladesh, India, China, Laos and Thailand. Bay of Bengal also bound Myanmar on the southwest and Andaman Sea on the south. Presently, the country is divided into seven states and seven divisions on the basis of the ethnic similarities of the people who live in a region. Total population is nearly 47 million with

Industrial Sociology : Study the effect of industry on the family and the condition of women? Are these effects desirable or undesirable?

1413 words - 6 pages to men. We cannot say clearly but overall it has improved.Nowhere in the family system has more profound change taken place as a result of modernization than in the status, roles and functions of women. Their traditional subordinate, inferior, dependent status was sought to be removed through social reforms and legislation and by provision of higher education and employment opportunities for them.As a result of these changes, in India, middle and

Creating Strategy: KFC

3097 words - 12 pages .Technological changes affect the products development and processes in the industry.2.The government emphasis on modernization and ready access of quality poultry in the industry can ensure a reliable supply of supplies.3.The development of Internet breaking down communication and language barriers. As a result, teenagers in globe are equally to converse and exchange culture preferences in hobbies, food, ideas etc.Legal 1.The NAFTA, customs union

Vietnam airline

8522 words - 34 pages , and a new set of commissioners, with Romano Prodi of Italy as president, was appointed later the same year.V: Explain how becoming a member of ASEAN or the WTO (whichever is applicable) affects the company your choice.History and Evolution of ASEANWhen the Founding Fathers of ASEAN from Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore and Thailand established the Association in 1967, they held out a bold vision of all countries in Southeast Asia

administration

3034 words - 12 pages bureaucratic inertia and reactionary administrators and although "defence" mechanisms may temporarily suppress change, things can never quite be the same and "peace tokens" have to be made if the situation is to be kept in hand. Second, reform programmes attract enterprising administrative talent and provide valuable experience for a new generation of administrative aspirants.Reformers promote badly needed administrative modernization which is

Similar Essays

Assessment Of Economic Progres Essay

1201 words - 5 pages ASSESSMENT OF ECONOMIC PROGRESS IN THAILAND, 1985-95 Here is a list of the main measurable indicators of economic growth and structural change for Thailand to be observed by World Bank staff members who are visiting there.To ensure a successful tour of business meeting between the World Bank representatives and the Thai government and their business executives, I feel that a thorough understanding of the Southeast Asia's (although the main focus

Thailand Uht Flavored Milk Essay

3256 words - 13 pages the slogan "too many children make you poor."Jammed Infrastructure - economic growth is placing stress on infrastructure.Environmental problems - The increase in waste and modernization is damaging the country.Trade and investment problems - These issues are so complicated that they are affecting Thailand's economic situation.Rural discontent - there is a large gap between standards of living.Bureaucracy - the bureaucracy of Thailand has many

Hmong Textiles Essay

1321 words - 5 pages can endure many hardships. On the other hand, the woman who wore the rooster hat meant they are not favorable of old traditions. Rooster hats is easier to wear but showed that the woman is quite fond to modernization and not their ancestors. The "Paj Ntaub" has populated in the United States since their migration from Laos and different parts of Thailand. In parts of California, the Hmong started selling their traditional embroideries to

Women's Reproductive Rights And Marital Rights: A Comparison Of Twenty Countries

7172 words - 29 pages with no recourse; in Brazil, violence against women is difficult to prosecute; and in India many woman have no choice concerning their marriage partner? What accounts for this variation? Is the source of this variation rooted in the political participation of women or does the variation stem from socio-economic modernization? Is bodily control determined by the ideological affiliations of parties within the state? This paper seeks to answer these