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Modification Of The Constitution Essay

1200 words - 5 pages

Our country has changed significantly since the Constitution was first published. Changes such as abolishing slavery, suffrage for women and minorities, and changing the voting age to 18. The Framers of the Constitution could not possibly predict the future of our country at the time. Everything in our government is based on the Constitution and with a changing country the document that governs us should be changed as well. I’m an advocate of the democratic and efficiency critique and that is why I believe the United States should change its Constitution because it gives too much power to the central government, it allows for winner take-all elections, and fails to take adequate responsibility. An alternative form of government that I believe the United States should try instituting is the parliamentary system. The parliamentary system provides a more democratic and accountable government.

The democratic critique views our government as not democratic enough due to the government’s presidential system because it gives central government too much power. The delegates couldn’t predict how the country and democracy could evolve. Back then there was no suffrage, no civil rights, and the old Constitution probably worked out in those times. However, this is modern-day America and the Constitution needs to be modified. Also, the delegates were fairly young and not experienced in their professions. Madison was only thirty-six when he proposed his ideas and how he was against popular majorities. Robert Dahl states, “Madison at age seventy would have trusted popular majorities” (Dahl, How Democratic). Still, these young Founding Fathers to this day have a great impact on our government. Dahl views “the Constitution as nothing more than a practical outcome to a hard bargain that was agreed on only to achieve a constitution” (Dahl, How Democratic). The Founders proposed the solution of equal representation not because it was the product of constitutional theory but because they wanted to please the people and give them what they wanted (Dahl, How Democratic). After the Articles of Confederation failed to give people representation, the founders needed to include equal representation to make the Constitution agreeable. The solution to equal representation was the Connecticut Compromise that granted two senators per state and is written in the Constitution under Article I section 3. However this does not give equal representation in the upper house of legislation. Since representation is not proportional to the size of the state, smaller states get more representation and more of a voice than the larger states such as California. California’s population is 38,041,430 and has one of the largest populations in the United States as compared to let’s say Maine that has 1,329,192 people (worldpopulationstatistics.com). With that said, two senators per state is not equal representation. There should be proportional representation, like in the House of...

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