Question 1 : Trace the evolution of Public Administration :
Public Administration very recent science , goes to the book on " The study of Public Administration " which has written by Woodrow Wilsom in 1887 , this book was the foundation of Public Administration science , then P.A had rapid change in its nature , scope and role .
He evolution of P.A divided into five phases ( by Avasthi and Masheshwari ) :
Phase 1 : From 1887 to 1926 :
It is administration dichotomy period so, P.A has been separated from political science and has definition , nature and importance .
Phase 2 : From 1927 to 1937 :
P.A became as independent discipline and was considered as science of administration . ...view middle of the document...
A and the emergence of the so-called public policy perspectives and some of new trends .
Question 3 : Comment on any one of the new concept in the science of
Here , I will comment on comparative administrative concept in the science of Public Administration .
The father or founder of comparative P.A in Fred Rigss , the concept of this study showed in " Trends in Comparative study of P.A ".
He talked about the study of politico-administrative institutions in their social settings which come from study of third world countries also , he talked about study of P.A in cross culture and cross nation .In addition to understanding Impact of Comparative P.A. So, Fred Riggs explained and talked about three trends in comparative study of P.A :
From normative to empirical orientation
The study from "what ought to be " to "what is ", which is evolve the science of P.A.
From ideographic to nomothetic orientation:
Ideographic orientation means case study (study of single country ) but, Nomothetic orientation means universal study so, it means from case...