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Mohenjo Daro And Harappa Essay

1459 words - 6 pages

It is funny how we human beings never take a second to think about or appreciate the history and aspects of items that we use on a daily basis. An example of such items is a toilet. A toilet is a sanitation structure or system used for the disposal of feces and human urine. Toilets are usually found in a small room known as the lavatory, washroom, or toilet. Modern toilets, especially those in urban areas, comprise of a seat hinged on a bowl connected to an exhaust pipe via which the feces and urine are disposed off (CBC 1). This paper discusses various interesting facts about toilets such as history on invention and technological advancement in toilet making as well as the impact that toilets have had on the society. In addition, it sheds light on the inventions that made it possible to invent toilets.
Ancient civilizations such as Mohenjo-daro and Harappa built toilets which were connected to a simple sewage system with flowing water. John Harington was credited for designing the contemporary flush toilet in 1596, but the system became broadly used in the 19th century with Thomas Crapper being recognized among the first creators of the toilet. Unlike what some people tend to believe, Sir Thomas Crapper did not invent the toilet but contributed to design of the flush toilet. Even before the invention of flush toilets, sewers and toilets had been used in several regions of the world. The Mohenjo-Daros were seen to have the most efficient toilets that were built into the outer walls of their homes. The lavatories were created from bricks and wooden seats were placed on top. The first flushing water lavatories were documented over 2800 years ago and used by King Minos. People commonly used chambered bowls during the middle age periods as toilets. The bowls could then be thrown to the nearby bushes. During the 1800s, human beings realized that most diseases were caused by poor sanitation. Therefore, people made it a priority to have sewers and toilets systems that could regulate human waste disposal. In 1829 in Boston, Tremont Hotel was recorded as the first hotel to have toilet system that had over seven flowing water closets designed by Isaiah Rogers. However, these toilets were only accessed by the rich and specific classes of people (Blankenbaker 2). At the beginning of 1910, the designs of toilets shifted from the elevated water tank to the contemporary models that have a bowl and closed tank.
Diseases such as cholera that still affects millions of people annually can be effectively controlled or prevented by appropriate sanitation and water treatment systems that prevent fecal materials from contaminating drinking water, groundwater, and other water pathways. According to a report produced a decade ago by the World Health Organization (WHO) to The World Water Supply and Sanitation, over 39 percent of the world population lacks access to effective excreta disposal systems, mainly in Africa and Asia. This report was met by increased design and...

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