Momen’s Physiological Model and Evaluation of Religious Experience
Momen’s physiological model is put into four stages; the first is
preparation which is a situation an individual finds himself in which
is beyond their personal bounds of existence leading to confusion,
frustration and lack of understanding of the problem.
The second is incubation, this is when the emotions that are caused by
preparation leads to the individual being over perplexed and turns
themselves away and proceeds to another activity.
Others will feel illumination whereby the strange feelings one
receives are converted by the mind to insights and a newer and greater
understanding that is often unexpected.
Finally there is verification, this occurs when the individual is
baffled by the situation and tries to work out the problem using
existing concepts and tries many different methods until a
satisfactory conclusion is reached.
This model can be used in a religious experience, and makes sense when
the word crisis is swapped with religious experience. Some will feel
incubation where they ‘self surrender’ and forget all about it. Or
some are illuminated and are changed with new insight for example St.
Paul was a Jew who persecuted Christians, following a religious
experience he converted to Christianity and preached the word of
Christ – a truly life changing experience.
Whilst some will take a methodical scientific approach to such an
experience and not necessarily change them.
There are many who would use Momen’s model as the definitive
physiological approach to religious experience.
Much of the chapter centres on different forms of public and private
worship, the public worship includes sermons and reading of religious
texts which stimulates the mind and brings the individual to a deeper
sense of consciousness. Again, this can be centred on Momen’s model.
The first can be compared to someone who takes exercise very
seriously, they use running as a means to better health rather than
any intrinsic value in the activity. Likewise a religious person may
use religious worship to attain a better spiritual health.
The second model would fit for someone that uses a religious
experience and religion as a fashion and flitter from practise to
practise, for example Madonna and the Kabala.
The third type of person seeks to attain a higher level of religious
thought, this is far more valid than the previous two as the result,
in a spiritual sense is far more rewarding.
Some may argue that in a world which is becoming increasingly less
spiritual, the first two can be seen as just a valuable and productive
to the society because at least they have some form of further insight
On the other hand, others would argue that they make a mockery of
religion and are potentially...