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Mongol Dbq Essay

820 words - 4 pages

Before the Mongols began to attack Eurasian civilizations in the 1200s, China, Russia, and Persia had developed advanced societies. The Mongols desired power and wealth, and wanted to advance their society. They sometimes attempted to achieve this power and wealth using brutality, but they were not as barbaric as some historians would conclude. There were many positive aspects of their actions. The Mongols were a civilized society because they had an organized military form of warfare, they incorporated early forms of writing, communication, and religious tolerance, and they had key trading partners throughout the region which allowed international trade to safely develop.
Although the Mongols were known for their violence, they were very orderly and goal-oriented in their style of military warfare. For example, History of the Mongols by Carpini stated, “Genghis Khan ordained that the army should be organized in such a way that over ten men should beset one man and he is what we call a captain of ten...” Another example of their organized army and ingenious battle tactics was the first-hand account that stated, “When … they are going to join in battle, they draw all the battle lines just as they are (about) to fight” (History of the Mongols). Both of these documents represent the structure and order beneath the extreme violence the Mongols were known for. Just because they used uncommon battle tactics, it did not mean they were barbaric.The Mongols had clever leaders who knew what their goal was, and they worked to accomplish it together.
Other key aspects of civilization were the presence of a writing and communication system, and religious tolerance. Even though writing was not common among the Mongols, it was used sparingly, and communication was plentiful. For example, The Journey of William Rubruck states, “[Mongke Khan] therefore wishes you all to meet together and hold a conference and each one is to write down what he says so that he can know the truth”. In addition, The Travels of Marco Polo states, “When one of Great Khan’s messengers sets out along any of these roads, he has to go only twenty-five miles and there he finds a posting station, which in their language is called a yam… And at each of these posts the messengers finds three or four hundred horses.” These two documents show how important writing and communication were to the Mongols. The yam system was a lengthy set of relay stations which helped with the movement of mail and messages. In addition to...

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