Throughout the history of cruel and conquering empires, the Mongolian Empire, led by
Genghis Khan, grew to occupy the largest amount of territory of any prior empire through mass
killing and total, brutal destruction (Document 1 and 2). Although Mongolians, used torture and
burying people alive if they didn’t submit to their will, they also blended with local cultures,
allowed religions of conquered peoples to flourish, and spread culture, art, language, religion,
and technological innovations throughout the Mongolian empire (Documents 5, 6, and 7).
The first glimpse that most historians have of the Mongols is their brutality. The image of
Mongols killing Persians and also burying them alive shown in a Persian manuscript of 1300
solidifies this view of cruelty. A contemporary historian notes that the Chin Empire, in a census
taken before Mongolian control, calculated 50 million residents, while a similar census taken by
the Mongols after their occupation shows 9 million people in that same empire clearly
demonstrating the mass extinction that took place of the Chinese by the Mongols (Document 2).
A different author states that world history would not be complete by only describing the horrors
of Mongolian conquest during the thirteenth century. He states that this world history must
include the Mongol’s enormous positive contributions as well as their ability to spread culture,
language, religion, and innovation along the Silk Road (Document 6)
One of these positive contributions...