Mongolia was once the largest empire that mankind had ever known. Mongolia is located in central Asia between Siberia on the north and China on the south. The term Mongol came from the tribe of Genghis Khan, who instaured the biggest empire ever known to mankind. Mongolia had to choose between China and Russia, two powers that share borders with it. The Mongolian government chooses to adopt the communist ideology of Russia. During the 1960s, tension between Russia and china grew, with the soviet attempting to conduct preemptive nuclear strike at Chinese nuclear plants. In 1992, Mongolian President Punsalmaagiin Ochirbat announced that his country would seek to become a one-state Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zone (NWFZ).By the end of the cold war, the world restructured and key environmental issues were the interests of Mongolia.
I. Measures to Prevent Terrorist from Acquiring the Bomb
Through the Non Proliferation Treaty and through the Chemicals Weapons Convention, Mongolia is part of the signatory states of the NPT that accepted the non proliferation, disarmament, and the pursuit of civil nuclear energy. However, Mongolia went further by completely rendering its territory a Nuclear Weapon Free Zone. According to the statement of the Non Aligned Movement (NAM) represented by Indonesia, NAM states addressed the issue of respecting the clauses of the chemicals weapons convention. NAM states reemphasis the importance of states collaboration in order to prevent terrorist acquiring WMD. NAM states stress how it is important to help the victim of the nuclear weapons. NAM urges all nations to fully implement to the clauses of the convention and to form a common front against any nations that tend to disrespect the convention. NAM calls for the elimination of toxic gases, bacterial methods of warfare used during wars.
II. Relationship between Disarmament and Development
Russia, China and Mongolia signed treaties that would allow Mongolia to be a free nuclear country. The treaty emphasizes how Russia will not station any military or nuclear armament in Mongolia. The author of Mongolia’s Nuclear-Weapon-Free Status: Concept and...