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Moral Deveopment Essay

1786 words - 7 pages

Moral Development EssayIntro:People all over the world have broken laws, and obeyed laws. But for what reason? Well everyone in the whole entire world has their own reasons for doing the things that they do. Some may do things because they think that it is their right to do something, and others may do something because the law tells them to. Looking at their actions, one may question what their moral reasoning behind what they did is, and what stage of the morality they may be at. Lawrence Kohlberg came up with the theory of moral reasoning. Through an interview with "X" I was able to calculate what kind of moral theorist the person I interviewed was. The three moral theories are "Deontologist, Utilitarianism, and Rights Ethics". A person who fits into the utilitarianism category tries to please others rather than themselves. They believe that following the law is defined by how much happiness that they bring to a community. If someone brings more sorrow to people then that is considered breaking the law. A Rights Ethics person believes that everyone has rights that they are born with, and that you may do the things that please them, as long as what they do does not take away the rights of another person. A Deontologist believes that they must tell the truth no matter what, even if it may hurt someone. In this interview I also got to calculate what stage of morality that "X" stood at. Through this interview I was able to find out the reasons behind the decisions that my interviewee made and learned a little about what they thought was moral and what was not moral in different circumstances. Every individual make different decisions every day depending on their rights and what they see as moral, everyone has their own definition of what is moral and what isn't moral, but does that actually mean that what they do is moral according to society?Moral theory is Rights Ethics:A Rights Ethics theorist believes that every person has specific rights that cannot be given or taken away such as Life, Liberty, Property, and the Pursuit of Happiness. They believe that you can exercise your rights as long as you don't take away the rights of others. In the interview that I conducted with X I calculated that X aligned most directly with Rights Ethics as their moral theory. In the interview I asked what actions X would take if they were in the Trolley Dilemma #2. When I asked if they would push the fat man over the edge to save the five workers lives, X's response to this was "No. it's preposterous to make that choice, to think that I'm the one that's going to say whose to live and who is going to die". This is a perfect example of Rights Ethics because X would not push the man because it shouldn't be X's choice whether the man should live or die. When I asked X if they would still choose to not push the fat man off the bridge if there wasn't going to be a punishment for X if they did, "X" explained, "No. He has his life, who am I to take away his life??!!??...

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