Moral Innocence In To Kill A Mockingbird By Harper Lee

1099 words - 5 pages

The book “To Kill a Mockingbird” written by Harper Lee is the story with a moral of innocence. “To Kill a Mockingbird” is a book based around several important moral values. A young girl named Scout portrays the lessons that are learned in the book. In the book, Scout learns many lessons about people and the world, mostly taught by her father Atticus. Scout learns one very important lesson from Atticus, the lesson about “Mockingbirds”. Atticus explains to Scout, “It is a sin to kill a mockingbird. Mockingbirds don’t do one thing but make music for us to enjoy. That is why it is a sin to kill a Mockingbird”. The metaphorical “Mockingbird” is portrayed by a variety of Characters in the story. ...view middle of the document...

The citizens of Maycomb do not realize that Atticus must defend Tom Robinson, if he does not defend Tom; he will be setting a terrible example for his children. As Atticus is a role model for not only Scout and Jem, but for the entire town of Maycomb, he knows that it is his duty due to his moral values to defend Tom Robinson and give him a fair trial.
Another major mockingbird in this book is Tom Robinson. Tom Robinson is a hardworking black man who lives in the community of Maycomb. Tom was accused of raping Mayella Ewell and was sent to trial where Atticus Finch then defended him. At the end of a very biased trial, Tom was found guilty. Tom was then sent to prison, and shot 17 times for trying to escape. Tom Robinson is a very important Mockingbird in this story. Tom represents the racial intolerance in Maycomb. Tom was falsely accused of rape because he felt sorry for Mayella and wanted to do a good deed for her. When he wasn’t to trial, it was clear that Tom was innocent; Atticus’ stunning defense gave Tom a fighting chance. To a non-racial jury, Tom would have been cleared innocent, but because of racial intolerance, he was convicted guilty. When he was sent to Prison, he tried to escape and was shot 17 times. Atticus said “There were seventeen bullet holes in him. They didn't have to shoot him that much”. The prison guards knew that 17 bullets were too much, they were not trying to wound him, and they were trying to kill him. This quote proves that even though many citizens in Maycomb have overcome racism such as Ms. Maudie and Dolphus Raymond, there are still many citizens who despise black people, and are willing to kill them to prove a point. In the case of Tom Robinson, Tom was a mockingbird that was metaphorically and literally shot and killed. Tom went to jail for a crime he did not commit, Because of this, he died. Unlike Arthur “Boo” Radley, Tom did not save the day, for an unconfirmed and false accusation he was forced to serve a sentence in prison....

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