This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Moral Law According To Kant Essay

553 words - 2 pages

Moral Law According To Kant

     Immanuel Kant was a deontologist from Germany in the eithteenth century. He believed that the only test of whether a decision is right or wrong is whether it could be applied to everyone. Would it be all right for everyone to do what you are doing? If not, your decision is wrong. It would be wrong, for example, to make a promise with the intention of breaking it because if everyone did that, no one would believe anyone's promises. In ethics, Kant tried to show that doing one's duty consisted in following only those principles that one would accept as applying equally to all.

     Kant objects most of all to the principle that one's own happiness can be the ground of morality. He rejects this possibility because well-being is not always proportionate to virtuous behavior. By this I mean that one manÕs well being is not always universal to all. Most significantly, Kant renounces happiness as the principle of morality because it obliterates the specific difference between virtue and vices.

     Universality is the form of a moral law whereby all rational beings are subject to the same condition as the basis of morality. Kant argues that there can be principles for action that do not admit of exceptions, and that this occurs through practical reason. In other words, the possibility for morality does not hinge on the empirical world, but rather is a feature of the nature of the entity that is the ground for morality. Since all rational beings have reason, the good rational being is one who obeys a universal moral law. This is to act according to an objective standard which is independent of...

Find Another Essay On Moral Law According To Kant

Moral Order in "King Lear" according to A. C. Bradley

1090 words - 4 pages destructive to such an existence, then, people of the universe must yield to good.In essence, the power of the moral order presents the revenge and the concept of justice in the tragic world. Therefore, it suggests the idea of fate. Still, although the retribution is served, there is no indication of "poetic justice". Moral order functions according to its righteous nature. It reacts to the attack of the evil force in order to sustain and balance

Ethics According to Natural Law - Aquinas's and Augustine's Views

1139 words - 5 pages able to recognize: preservation of existence, perpetuation of life, tendency to do good, propensity to know truth and to live in society. Natural law is promulgated by one's ability to carry out practical reason in order to achieve the final end. Moral precepts are deduced from primary precepts through practical reason. Voluntary abortion would not allow a fetus to attain its full potential. Aquinas says, "The emission of semen ought to be so

Antigone, Tragedy and Law versus Desire according to Lacant

549 words - 2 pages the agony, the heartbreaking agonies of our lives.' 'I am no-one, nothing'.Lacant's ReadingThe play is about law versus desire. Antigone's desire, according to Lacant, 'visibly eminates from the eyes of this admirable girl'.When Antigone makes the decision to bury her brother she steps outside Lacant's symbolic order of the law and into the law of her own desire.Lacant says of Antigone that she is 'a noble embodiment to the natural laws of desire

According to Socrates, Should you Obey an Unjust Law?

685 words - 3 pages Q: “According to Socrates, should you obey an unjust law?” Convicted For Living? Do we have an obligation to obey any law, no matter how unjust or evil, provided only that it is in fact a valid rule of the legal system in which we happen to be physically located? In the following composition, I am going to examine the answer to this question in accordance to what Socrates believes. The best way to understand this almost “WWSD” (What Would

Is there a moral obligation to obey the law?

2788 words - 11 pages and police chiefs had their way, all of us would believe that a powerful reason (possibly the principle, if not the only, reason) that we should obey a law is that it is a law. In fact, with the exception of a special class of laws, it is no reason at all.This is the core of discussion whether there is a general moral obligation to obey the law.This discussion started in the 1970's in the United States. The background to it was the civil rights

What is Enlightenment according to Immanuel Kant

645 words - 3 pages Immanuel Kant defines enlightenment as "the human being's emergence from his self incurred minority." In order to attain enlightenment, individuals and society must educate their reasoning, and free themselves from immaturity. This freedom is the "public use of one's reason in all matters, " which can independently initiate the freedom of the press and of individual speech as instruments of enlightenment. I disagree with Kant's idea that the

Comparison of characteristics and perceptions of the Qld Criminal Justice System, Aboriginal Customary Law and Islamic Criminal Law according to crime and punishment procedures

2946 words - 12 pages 1.0 INTRODUCTIONThis report is focused on a comparison of three criminal justice systems. The model systems are the Queensland Criminal Justice System, Islamic Law and Australian Aboriginal Customary Law.Each criminal justice system model has been researched according to their Origin and Characteristics, standard and Burdon of proof, presumption of innocence, punishments for crimes committed with particularreference to retribution, deterrence

Situation Ethics, Natural Moral Law And Utilitarian Approach To Sexual Ethics - Philosophy and Ethics - Essay

1607 words - 7 pages ‘Demonstrate The Differences Between The Situation Ethics, Natural Moral Law And Utilitarian Approach To Sexual Ethics.’ In Christianity, sex before marriage is typically scorned. Therefore, Christian youth are advised to don ‘Purity Rings’ which symbolise their pledge to abstain from sex until they are married (however, Ariely claims that providing youth with condoms is more effective as they tend to behave irrationally when aroused and break

Objective Moral Norms and Values According to Error Theory

863 words - 4 pages rejects the idea that there are objective moral norms and values that are independent of us. Ethical claims are mostly agreed to be objective and controlling. An objective claim is a claim about the way the world is, it is the truth of the world out there, independent of what people think about the world. If a norm says that killing is wrong, then killing would still be wrong even in civilizations that permit it or even force it. To say that a

Ethics and Moral Development According to John Rawls and Victor Frankl

1300 words - 5 pages American philosopher, John Rawls, and European philosopher, Viktor Frankl, are highly regarded for their philosophical intellect. While Rawls work focused on the theory of justice, Frankl’s work were in the direction of finding meaning in life. Although, their works took to varying directions, a distinct correlation can be found in their work as it pertains to ethics and moral development. Rawls, in his works speaks of the four roles of

Immanuel Kant

1773 words - 7 pages actions. Kant thought that as people we were all autonomous and would naturally perform autonomous acts, instead of being inclined to act according to consequences. Kant's focus was on duty driven ethics, ethics that maintain the moral wrongness or rightness depending upon the action of its intrinsic qualities and not on consequences. According to Kant the Categorical Imperative, this is founded on reasoning, and is basically a rule for

Similar Essays

Immanuel Kant And The Moral Law

971 words - 4 pages Immanuel Kant was a German philosopher from the 18th century, widely known for his various achievements and works such as Critique of Pure Reason and Foundations of Metaphysics of Morals. Kant developed a theory of ethics that depends on reason rather than emotion called The Moral Law. Kant was not anti-religious but he wanted an ethical system that was not obscured by religion, emotion or personal interpretation. According to Kant, morality is

How To Get To Heaven According To Kant

1690 words - 7 pages already actually good” (Kant 40). The previous statement could be taken in many ways. But perhaps what Kant is saying here is that man is to become good to the best of man’s ability in this life. God’s plan is for man to pursue good. Kant establishes in Book I that man has a tendency towards evil. Kant explains, “Man is evil, can mean only, He is conscious of the moral law but has nevertheless adopted into his maxim the deviation therefrom” (27

"The Beard." Shaving According To Jewish Law

1025 words - 4 pages those that do not resemble a razor) or through depilatories (hair removal through medicine). This is due to the law of Payos Hazakain, "Neither shall you mar the corners of your beard."B. Those who remove their beards transgress the Torah law of, "A man shall not wear the garment of a woman." Some authorities hold that this brings with it a punishment of Malkos (lashing). This reason applies even to those who cut their beard with a scissors.C

Kaylee Georgeoff’s Moral Development According To Lawrence Kohlberg

890 words - 4 pages expectations, stage 4: law and order, stage 5: legal principles and stage 6: universal moral principals. There is known to be a positive correlation with an increase in age and increase in moral development in Kohlberg’s studies, because of this I believe I am in the conventional level in stage four: law and order. The preconventional level is the first stage of moral development and is expressed easily in children. During this stage children obey