Morality Essay

1238 words - 5 pages

RUNNING HEAD: WHY SHOULD WE BE MORAL? 16WHY SHOULD WE BE MORAL?Why Should We Be Moral?Kerwin M. PasiaGrand Canyon University: PHI-305January 16, 2014Why Should We Be Moral?Morality has often been a debatable topic over time. What is morality? Why is it so significant and important? Every human being on this planet has a different way of thinking and perhaps also different beliefs. These kinds of beliefs can come directly from a diversity of everyday life experiences, cultures, and individuals. Some folks value certain ideas and concepts of morality. However, there are some that don't comply with them. Because of such a questionable topic to shed light upon, it can be quite difficult to define what is truly just. From my personal belief, an absolute good is not based on what humanity thinks it should be. Rather, the basis of that belief comes from faith. Just like Plato's view point, these kinds of people and their ethical theory is based on the "Form of Good." By their natural mindset, they believe that actions that "partake" in the "form of good" are moral. They believe this to be true because of their faith. On the other opposing view, there are those with an ethical theory that is based individually. They naturally set their minds to believe that morality comes from their personal definition of "good." Once again, this belief is also based on faith. With this being said, many moral and ethical concepts are based and originate from the thoughts of fourth century B.C. philosophers like Socrates, Aristotle, and Plato. One debatable concept is justice. In The Republic by Plato, Socrates debates with Thrasymachus, a Sophist philosopher. Their interpreted views on justice have substantial differences.What is Justice?Plato's ViewpointThroughout his works, Plato attempted to show that as a good human virtue, justice is inherent. He believed that happiness and justice tie together. Plato argued that those who have an inner way of heart associated with intrinsic justice are happy and harmonious. Because of their strength in self and freedom, they are able to become what they want (Bao, 2011). Justice is an intrinsic harmony of one subject to himself, according to Plato (Bao, 2011). This harmony also partakes in what is "good." Both Plato and Socrates claimed that satisfying our human nature and being happy is based on living morally and accordingly to justice (Clark and Poortenga, 2003).Thrasymachus' ViewpointAccording to Thrasymachus, justice is obedience to those laws and injustice is disobedience to them. He believed that those who create the laws are not fools. Rather, justice turns out to be the advantage of the strongest since they impose laws that are effective to their own advantage (Ladikos, 2006). Thrasymachus also saw injustice as a way of life (Chappell, 1993). Thrasymachus' definition of justice placed value on external ideas compared to Plato. He sees justice as being put under the power of the strongest rulers. In this sense, "justice" is...

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