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Morality And Law Essay

2474 words - 10 pages

It is often understood that of the strengths of the moral theory of deontology is that it supports the notion of individuals having rights. Further looking at this idea of individuals having rights through the specific moral theory of Deontology; we also see that Kantian deontology supports the notion of individuals having rights. If we look at one of the many maxims that has been listed by Immanuel Kant, we see that one of his maxims states that we should never use the someone or something as a means to a further end but appreciate them as the end itself.

This idea of the maxim provides a reply to the charge against consequentialism (utilitarianism) which only cares and prioritizes the ...view middle of the document...

Through this idea of human rights, we further go on to look at the interaction of deontology and individuals having rights. This idea of individuals having rights through Immanuel Kant’s view of deontology gives us the idea behind human rights, the idea that each human being has a certain status and dignity in society which is immoral and wrong to violate or ignore them at any time or under whatever the circumstance maybe. Further dwelling into the question, making an argument where individuals have rights in the moral theory of deontology, we see that deontology is more receptive and amenable to human rights. Looking at this idea in greater depth, the Human Rights aspect of individuals having rights, we see that the right act is more important than increasing the overall good in society. The right thing to do is to follow the rules even if the outcome is bad/negative and this aspect of the right thing to do, which is to act according to a moral duty, goes on to translated into a moral norm. Thus in the case of Human Rights, the right thing to do is typically embedded in the rules. By following these rules the principles behind the moral theory of Deontologism promotes the idea of individuals having rights.

To further enhance the essay and to make a clear and distinguished argument that all individuals have rights using the moral theory of deontology we have to look at a negative aspect of this entire argument. A negative aspect of this is that sometimes deontology is looked at like moral absolutism. Deontologist have been accused of accepting catastrophic outcomes because they may have agreed to respect the rules and duties. This can be seen when we look at the famous example of Kant; the example of which states that we shall not lie to a murder asking about the location of his/her intended victims. The power of following duties and rules often borders on the absolute. We must understand that deontology does not have to morally absolute. Many critics of moral theories state that there is a so called threshold of deontology which allows for the rules to be overridden once a certain level of bad, negative or immoral consequence has been reached. We have to keep in mind that the threshold of exception for deontology has to be high otherwise it would be futile to talk about following rules and duties.

Further dwelling into the moral theory of deontology and making an argument for it on the grounds of individuals having rights, we have to look at an important branch of deontology is known as patient - centered deontological theory. This theory emphasizes on individual having rights rather than the idea of personal duty. In this facet of the moral theory of deontology, we see that individuals have the aspect of autonomy and this idea of autonomy should not be used to act in a way which gives rise to moral good against their own will. An example of this type of deontology is that you cannot kill a murderer even if it would lead to saving...

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