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Morality Is The Basis Of Life

1338 words - 5 pages

Life comes with many questions. Everyone has their own wonders, but there are many of the same questions that are asked numerous times. One that crosses the minds of nearly everyone is, “Why am I the way that I am?” The answer to this question is morality. Morality is the reason we act, think, discriminate, and speak; it is what distinguishes right from wrong. Some believe that morality comes with birth, and others believe that it is taught by parents and surroundings. Whichever way it may be, researchers are discovering that our morals are evolving in astonishing ways, and our lives are immensely affected by them. There are many factors to consider when it comes to understanding why a person is the way they are, but the origins of these factors all point to one thing—morality.
The word morality can have different yet similar definitions. According to the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, the definition of morality is, “descriptively to refer to some codes of conduct put forward by a society…religion, or accepted by an individual for her [or his] own behavior” (n. pg.). The original definition described the over-all code of conduct—the basis of morality and the conditions of which people set their standards to—set forth by society, but was later separated into different affiliations (n. pg). Typically, people separate themselves according to others that share similar conditions to their code of conduct. Morality is considered the unacknowledged addition to the formation of ethical theories created by different societal groups (n. pg.). Since the definition of morality has been modified, there are now two separate ideologies to it. One ideology is ‘Descriptive Morality’ which refers to specific groups. The other is ‘Normative Morality’ which refers to society as a whole, but this is idea is highly disputed by philosophers. Normative Morality is when “one accepts a moral theory’s account of rational persons and the specifications of the conditions under which all rational persons would endorse a code of conduct as a moral code…” (n. pg.). This definition means that when one accepts Normative Morality, it makes a person believe certain actions—even temptations—are immoral (n. pg.). Philosophers struggle to agree with Normative Morality because it doesn’t individualize the varieties of people that make up society.
Now that morality has been properly defined, the question of when they are developed is the next most disputed. The newest development in psychology research is saying that morality comes built in. CBS’s 60 Minutes goes in depth on the idea that humans are born with a sense of justice and goodness. Paul Bloom—one of the researchers that were interviewed for the segment—said, “The seeds of our understanding of justice, our understanding of right and wrong, are part of our biological nature” (qtd. in Stahl n. pg.). Many experiments were conducted to prove this theory. Babies of all ages were asked to take part in watching a puppet show,...

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