Morality Of Human Cloning Essay

1470 words - 6 pages

The novel Brave New World presents us with a vision of a future where human beings are no longer born the “natural” way but are rather manufactured in identical batches to certain specifications. Where concepts like “mother” and “father” are scatological and children are taught only to keep the order and complete their predetermined occupations. By the end of the novel Mr. Huxley has us thankful that such a world is beyond our grasp. However, with the successful cloning of a Scottish sheep named Dolly, images of a Brave New World became so much closer to reality. Even just the word clone can summon dark images of lines of identical individuals with bar codes tattooed on their necks walking in lock-step fashion and it is due in no small part to the creative minds behind works of science fiction that cloning is imagined as being a harbinger of a copacetic and unfeeling society where people are manufactured and common morals have been replaced with machine interpreted laws. It is no surprise then that cloning, having been realized in the present, has been met with fear, discrimination, and repugnance.
Leon Kass argues that our initial repugnance at cloning is due to an intrinsic want to preserve natural law. Kass explains that repugnance and fear are the natural reactions to transgression of the natural order and contain wisdom beyond our immediate understanding. Kass even goes so far as to conclude that only children born from sex could be considered fully human as any other genesis for a human being is wholly unnatural and wrong. According to Kass all children are born from a loving couple who have no motivations in having a child other than the joy of children though merely the fact that children have been born from rape or because a father wanted an heir is all the rebuttal that Kass should find wanting. Children from in vitro fertilization and natural sexual procreation have been brought up in good families and bad families and if an IVF child and a natural child were to stand side by side there would be no way to tell them apart. Can we not also add a cloned child to the roster and still be ignorant of their origin? As unnerving as it might appear the method of procreation is completely arbitrary, more so ought we to be concerned with the intent of procreation if we must lay a blame. Physically a cloned child is no different from you or me but can we say that the child is any less human from extra-physical loss?
Whether or not a clone would be less than human begs us that we ought first discern what it is that defines a person as a person. Detailing free will and individualistic identity necessitate the ability to be self-aware and to make decisions without requiring outside influence which, compose the basis of what delineates a human person. The problem of identity sometimes arises with identical twins in that we many times ascertain them to be the same person due merely to their often indistinguishable appearance. Experience however...

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