More Economically Developed Countries And Less Economically Developed Countries

851 words - 3 pages

Comparison Between MEDC and LEDC

The comparisons between MEDC- More Economically Developed Country and
LEDC-Less Economically Developed Country are many and varied but are
mainly related to finance which gives the MEDC a higher standard of
living for its occupants than those of the LEDC.

Geographically most MEDC are situated in the northern hemisphere were
as the LEDC are mostly in the southern hemisphere. Most MEDC are well
advanced or have completed their development period for example the
United Kingdom were as the LEDC are still in the early stages.
Development of a country can be shown in a demographic transition
model; this model consists of four stages. Stage one is pre modern
which is when the birth rate and death rate fluctuate between each
other which keeps population at a low, but stable point. Next is
urbanizing and industrializing, at this stage the death rate drops due
to better health care, standard of living etc and causes the
population to increase quite quickly. Stage three is called mature
industrial in this phase the birth rate stays high and the death rate
is low so the population still increases quickly due to better
technology. Lastly is the post industrial stage where the birth rate
drops to the same level as the death rate which causes the population
to become steady once again. An MEDC would be in stage four or nearing
the end of it where and LEDC would be in the early stages.

To start the comparisons I will talk about the difference between
death rates and birth rates in both types of country. In MEDC the
birth rate is low due to wide access to contraception and family
planning, women are choosing to pursue a career which leaves them with
less time to bear and look after children. In an LEDC the birth rate
is high because the more children a family has means the greater the
work force to go put and earn money. LEDC have a higher death rate
therefore people tend to have more children to ensure more live to
adulthood. Traditions and religions are also a reason why the birth
rate is high; due to religious beliefs, where contraception and
abortion are forbidden. The death rate in MEDC is low because they
have good health care and a better understanding of diets and health
and fitness. Due to poor standards of sanitation and lack of food and
water LEDC have a higher death rate. Another factor which makes their
death rate high is their poor health care and lack of technology. For
example the birth rate for the UK is 11.34 births per 1000 people and
the death rate is 10.3 deaths per 1000 people. In an LEDC like Nigeria
the birth rate is 40.52 births per 1000 people and the...

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