Morality: Inborn Or Product Of Experience And Surroundings?

1436 words - 6 pages

Many believe in the theory that we have the innate sense of what is right and wrong from the moment we are born. The theory also creates the assumption that our observations of our surroundings and our experience do not create what we view as moral and immoral. It also indirectly makes the claim that what is considered to be right and wrong are universal, and what is viewed as justice should be agreed upon all. However, works of literature, influences of family, and society make it evident that we are not born with morality.
In Brave New World Aldous Huxley does an outstanding job portraying what we would perceive as an immoral society as what is moral and the correct way living to the characters in the novel. The society is known as the World State, where people are divided into different castes, and depending on the caste they are set in determines their place in the community and purpose in the world. If one is an Alpha, he/she will be highly intelligent and be a leader of the free world, while one who is an Epsilon has lowered intelligence and is conditioned to do physical labor. From the process of the human beings being created in test tubes, to their birth and development, they are trained to believe in certain truths. The main goal of Brave New World’s society is to create a balance social stability, and happy individuals. To create such a world; feelings, passions, and relationships are nonexistent. No one has parents, children, or lover. Instead, everyone belongs to anyone. There is no emotional attachment, nothing is valued, only physical interaction. When one feels negative emotions, that society cannot control, such as humiliation and stress, a drug called soma is taken to feel content and passive again. Great works of literature, such as Shakespeare, religious texts, and art are forbidden in the society because it can cause passion and curiosity beyond what they have been programmed to know. Even science is suppressed for it searches for truth, and according to the novel, truth gets in the way of happiness. While one can evaluate the novel and view all who are a part of the dystopian society as immoral human beings, one must also take into consideration they are conditioned to believe this lifestyle is righteous, and overall it becomes their truth. The controlled repressive society in the novel is an example that we are not inborn with a sense of what is true or false, or right and wrong.
Thoreau’s “Civil Disobedience” indirectly supports the idea that morals are not gained through perspective, but naturally known. In his essay, Thoreau discusses the unjust government of America, and the relationship between the government and its citizens. He states the people should go against the injustice of the government, and stick to their human conscience. ( ) Thoreau assumes human conscience, known as the inborn sense of right and wrong, is innate in all. He also assumes the citizens are aware the actions of the government are...

Find Another Essay On Morality: Inborn or Product of Experience and Surroundings?

Morality and Legality of Abortion Essay

507 words - 2 pages Morality and legality of abortionSomewhere amidst the abortion debates of the last quarter century, the real issuehas been lost. The focus has become too religious for a country that has separated churchand state. Therefore, I won't argue the religious rights and wrongs of abortion. Noanswers can be derived until we focus on what the law and our citizens do value, becausethis is how laws are changed. American laws hold sacred the value of human

Ethics and Morality of Euthanasia Essay

2233 words - 9 pages published in the International Journal of Palliative Nursing that addressed how American nurses are affected by the request of patients to help them die. In this study, ten professional nurses, each with 6-35 years experience and at least a master degree or higher, were interviewed about their own clinical experience with patients asking for help ending their lives and how the nurses responded. Each participant was interviewed twice about their

Issues of Sexual Morality and

963 words - 4 pages for a quick fix.Every society has its own distinct values and certain ideals of how a person should behave, especially in public. There is no universal morality. What is viewed as normal and acceptable is legislated by a majority. Each system of rules and regulations that are established differs in each society. Those who follow the rules are rewarded with praise and approval; they become apart of the majority and, as a result, become part of the

This essay is entitled "Cross Cultural Experience". The point of the assignment was to assimilate oneself into another culture and write about his or her experience

881 words - 4 pages Going into this project, I thought to myself how fun it would be to assimilate myself into someone else's world that is completely different than mine. Being partnered up with Mies, I had a good feeling that I would come out of this experience with a completely different perspective on the world. With Mies' parents being Italian and mine being Korean, I was expecting myself to show Mies a unique culture and learn one from him as well

Kant and the Morality of Anger

4129 words - 17 pages , but clearly has critical implications in a wider context. The morality of anger has its source in the acknowledgement of a supposition that some crimes are perceived to be so heinous that the severest punishment is morally necessary — and nothing less than the severest will suffice. We punish criminals principally to 'pay them back', he claims, and the worst of them should be banished or executed as a moral imperative. Hence, Berns's dictum has

Greg Koukl's Views of Evil and Morality

1312 words - 5 pages interest in the rest of his speech, and we were only about 10 minutes in. He stated at the beginning of his presentation that he would make two observations that would be the meat of his argument. The first being that “evil is real,” and with that, relativism is false. Here again I find myself curious about the amount of research Koukl put into his presentation. “Morality is a culturally constructed [thing]”, there is “no standard for evil or

An Out of Body Experience: True or Flase?

1153 words - 5 pages told ABC News”. Having an out of body experience where a person feels they are looking down on themselves is thought to be a rare thing and is often some psychological event such as a trauma, a drug induced illusion or lesions on the brain. Jane Roberts claimed to have a one Saturday night before a final semester in college. According to Mercer “As it grew late, I began to get drowsy, then to doze on my back, a posture I would later is ideal for

Philosophy and the Morality of Abortion

2428 words - 10 pages be inflicted with Spina bifida or other comparable conditions which can be detected during a foetal stage. So importantly, the likely future that awaits a foetus if not aborted, is a vital component when contemplating the morality of abortion. For a woman who desires an abortion, her interests should always (considering a normally developed woman) take precedence over the foetus, as only she is an individual, with plans, goals, and a conscious

The Morality of Lies and Deception

1057 words - 4 pages The Morality of Lies and Deception We lie all the time, lying is not something new to our culture. We lie to our parents, we lie to our friends, we even lie to our significant other, but why do we do it? There is not one set reason on why we lie but they can vary from an insignificant reason to something more nefarious. A good operational definition of a lie is “A lie is a false statement to a person or group made by another person or group who

The Morality of Abortion and Surrogacy

1933 words - 8 pages , then an act of abortion would not have a fundamental moral significance; the practice would then be justifiable by less fundamental reasons. It follows that particular arguments for or against the morality of abortion are secondary to the question of whether abortion is homicide. Therefore a prior question to the issue of the morality of abortion is whether embryos and fetuses are possible victims of a homicide, or moral persons

Divorce and the Decline of Morality

1946 words - 8 pages As America's divorce rate continues to skyrocket, it seems that morality continues to plummet. Approximately sixty-five percent of all marriages in America end in divorce, and this number does not seem to be declining any time soon. Are we creating a new generation "Y" of single parents? Is a broken home the wave of the future? If Americans don't get a grip on morality, this will

Similar Essays

Thesis And Outline: How Free Will And Inborn Neurological Hardwiring Influence Morality

1156 words - 5 pages evaluate or make complex decisions, and our conscious choice of behavior to ultimately determine consequences, and lastly, because morality cannot exist if based solely on human nature, but must also involve our own self-determination. Although some may contend, the integration of both components allows the concept of morality to be fully demonstrated without reservation. Introduction A. Claim (free will and chemical hardwiring in our brains both

Ethics Of Care (Carol Gilligan) Morality & Justice (Kohlberg) The Language Of Experience And Development Of Relationship

1040 words - 4 pages and responsibility amongst female morality, Gilligan brings into light the missing piece, the activity of care in human development.These models are presented as different ways of viewing the world; neither is superior or inferior to the other. While care and justice are distinct values, the former need not be seen in sharp contrast with the latter. Justice and care work together, supporting one another at different times and in different ways

Does Fiction Build The Morality Of Individuals And Societies, Or Does It Break It Down?

1361 words - 6 pages In this day and age we spend an extensive amount of time engrossed in literary works, films, television shows and other forms of fiction. Some see this in a positive light, contending that fictitious stories cultivate our mental and moral development. Others however have argued that fiction is mentally and ethically obstructive. Posing the age old question: Does fiction build the morality of individuals and societies, or does it break it down

Morality And Punishment Of Criminals Essay

1434 words - 6 pages Morality and Punishment of Criminals . British law states that it is he who bares responsibility for the transgression committed who must be reprimanded. However, there is much controversy as to where responsibility for moral action lies, or indeed, whether anyone can be held accountable. As J. L. Mackie suggests, "an agent is responsible for all and only his intentional actions." Thus for the punishment of