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Mormons History Essay

827 words - 3 pages

Mormons, many things will pop up in your head when this word is mentionedbecause we all have preconceived ideas about different people and different groupswhether we like it or not. One way to live with these fears we have about anyone who isdifferent than us is to try and learn more about these people. In doing so we understandour differences and are able to work and live together. If nothing else this report willinform you and provide a base of knowledge about the Mormons and their difficult paththrough intolerance and discrimination which has taken them all the way to their currentheadquarters, Utah.Joseph Smith, a farmers son from upstate New York, founded the new religion inFayette, NY, in 1830. In 1823 he supposedly had had and was currently having visions ofGod and other heavenly beings such as the angel Moroni which told him ofgolden plates, bearing a history of ancient America, hidden on Hill Cumorah, near hisfather's farm in upstate Manchester, New York. The next day Joseph visited Hill Cumorahand saw the golden plates, but he was not allowed to possess them. He returned to the hillon September 22 in 1824, 1825 and 1826, and each time he viewed the plates, talked withan angel and cameback empty-handed.He was finally allowed to possess these plate and he translated the "ReformedEgyptian" hieroglyphics. Smith's translation of the plates, the Book of Mormon, describesthe history, wars, and religious beliefs of a group of people living from 600 BC - AD 421who migrated from Jerusalem to America. The Book told the story of the Nephites andother Old Testament people who sailed to North America in ancient times. The Nephiteslived in a covenant with God, went through epic periods of prosperity and privation,received a missionary visit from Jesus following the Crucifixion, then died to the lastNephite in a war with darker-skinned Americans. The Book of Mormon was published in1830 and the founding of the church followed it's publication.Smith attracted a small group of followers who settled in Kirtland, Ohio, andJackson County, Mo. Because of persecution and intolerance expressed towards thechurch they moved to northern Missouri and then to Nauvoo, Ill. In 1837 missionarieswere sent to England and later to Scandinavia.Although the church prospered in Nauvoo, it faced some difficult times.Neighbors resented Mormons' voting as a bloc and became furious when rumors spreadthat Smith had secretly introduced polygamy, the practice of having more than one wife orhusband, into Mormonism. The people of the area had had enough on June 27, 1844,when...

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