Mosque As A Place Of Worship

3231 words - 13 pages

Mosque as A Place of Worship

Introduction

Mosque described as a place which servers both as a house of worship
and as a symbol of Islam. In Islam a masjid is a house of prayer.
Mosque is symbolically very important to Muslims; it is a humble way
for Muslims to rebuild a relation ship with Allah (swt) on earth. The
mosque should have a clear indication of direction of Mecca (qibla).

Abu Hurairah reports that the prophet Muhammad (s.a.w) said: "If
anyone goes back and from to the mosque to attend prayers Allah will
prepare for him a feast in paradise" (bukhari).

In Arabic the word used for mosque is Masjid, which means a place of
worship or prostration. Muslims believe that the first place of
worship ever built in this world was the Kaabah in Arabic, the most
holy place of Islam, towards which millions of Muslims all over the
world turn their faces five times a day during their Prayers, and to
which each one of them activities to make Pilgrimage at least once in
a life time.

The Qur'an says: "Surely the first House founded for all mankind is
that at Becca (Valley of Mecca) abounding in blessings and guidance
for all peoples. In it is manifest Signs; it is the place of Abraham
and whoso enters it is safe. Pilgrimage to the House of Allah is a
duty which people, those who can afford the journey, owe to Allah. He
who rejects this should know that Allah is independent of all
creatures." (3:97-98)

In the early days of Islam the Muslims, under Divine command, used to
turn their faces towards the temple of Jerusalem during the prayers,
but the Holy Prophet of Islam had a desire that the Qibla should be
changed to the Kaabah. It was after the migration to Medina that Allah
revealed to the Prophet: "Verily, We see thy mind turning frequently
to heaven; we shall therefore certainly make thee turn to the Qibla
thou likest. So turn they face now to the sacred Mosque (the Kaabah)
and whosesoever you be turn your faces towards it." (2:145)

The Kaabah is a very simple stone structure laying no claim to
grandeur of size or beauty or architecture. It impresses by its very
simplicity. Most of the time it is covered with a mantle of heavy
black silk, which is renewed every year. The Kaabah is a place of
security.

(A) (i) The External and Internal features of a mosque are:

v The Dome (External)

v The Minaret (External)

v Star and a crescent (External)

v Windows (External)

v The notice board (External)

v The shoe rack (Internal)

v The Mihrab (Internal)

v The Minbar (Internal)

v The prayer hall (Internal)

v The prayer mats (Internal)

v Women's area (Internal)

v The Wudu area (Internal)

v Calligraphy, decorative patterns and mosaics (Internal)

The External Features of a Mosque

The Dome

The dome is an important...

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