Most Common Dementia: Alzheimer's Disease Essay

1238 words - 5 pages

Alzheimer’s Disease
Alzheimer’s disease is the most common cause of dementia in older people. Alzheimer’s disease is an irreversible and progressive brain disease that slowly destroys memory and other important mental functions, which is due to degeneration between the brain cells and the brain cell receptors (Alzheimer’s Stages & Behaviors, 2014). Alzheimer’s disease results in the loss of intellectual and social skills (Alzheimer’s Stages & Behaviors, 2014). According to the Alzheimer’s Association there are 7 stages to this disease (Alzheimer’s Stages & Behaviors, 2014). The first signs of Alzheimer’s disease are typically forgetfulness or mild confusion (Alzheimer’s Stages & Behaviors, 2014). Stages 1 through 3 show mild cognitive decline, Stage 4 is moderate cognitive decline, Stage 5 is moderately severe, Stage 6 is severe cognitive decline and Stage 7 is very severe cognitive decline (Alzheimer’s Stages & Behaviors, 2014). Accurate staging of an Alzheimer’s patient is difficult, because some stages overlap with one another (Alzheimer’s Stages & Behaviors, 2014). This week’s case discusses Mr. Jones, an 83-year-old man, diagnosed with mild dementia. Mr. Jones is admitted to the Emergency room with respiratory distress and complications due to Diabetes. While in the Emergency Room the attending physician notices Mr. Jones has gangrene on his right foot up to his ankle. The nurse believes his dementia is due to his respiratory distress and the disorienting atmosphere of the Emergency Room. Mr. Jone’s daughter is his caregiver, but has not been designated as an advanced directive surrogate nor does Mr. Jones have an advanced directive in place. Mr. Jones insists that he has lived long enough and does not want to have his leg amputated, but the daughter insists that surgery be performed or she will sue the hospital. In 2013, an estimated 5.2 million Americans of all ages have Alzheimer’s and it is the sixth leading cause of death (Alzheimer’s Stages & Behaviors, 2014). In 2012, 15.4 million caregivers provided over 17.5 billion hours of unpaid care (Alzheimer’s Stages & Behaviors, 2014). There is no specific test to diagnose Alzheimer’s and only after death can a accurate diagnosis be made, so clinicians must perform various tests to determine the cause of dementia in order to rule out Alzheimer’s (Alzheimer’s Stages & Behaviors, 2014).
Capacity Assessments
In 1988, the MacArthur Treatment Competence Study was designed to provide clinicians and policy makers with information to address questions about decision-making capacities of patients with mental impairment (Applebaum, 2007). This test takes about 20 minutes and measures abilities that the legal system identified as relevant to decision-making competence (Applebaum, 2007). Although, this is the most widely used tests there are other tests available to practitioners. The ability to state a choice, understand relevant information, understand their own situation and...

Find Another Essay On Most Common Dementia: Alzheimer's Disease

Paper on Alzheimer's disease

955 words - 4 pages , Alzheimer's disease was initially thought to be a rare condition affecting only young people, and was referred to as "presenile" dementia the Alzheimer's Disease Fact Sheet. Today, late-onset Alzheimer's disease is recognized as the most common cause of the loss of mental function in those aged 65 and over. Alzheimer's in people in their 30s, 40s, and 50s, called early-onset Alzheimer's disease, occurs much less frequently. The causes of

Alzheimer's and the effects. This is a informative piece of writing explaining Alzheimer's and the effects of the disease.

525 words - 2 pages Alzheimer's is a disease of the brain that causes a loss in memory. This results in dementia, loss of brain functions (thinking, remembering, and reasoning) severe enough to interfere with everyday life. When German physician, Alois Alzheimer, first described the disease in 1907, it was thought to be rare. Today, Alzheimer's disease is the most common cause of dementia, affecting 10% of people 65 years old, and nearly 50% of those age 85 or

Understanding What Keeps Dementia Sufferers Awake at Night

757 words - 3 pages associated with aging. The most common cause of dementia associated with aging is Alzheimer's disease, which affects approximately one in 10 people over age 65 and nearly half of those over age 85. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- If you have questions about Alzheimer's, check out WebMD's Alzheimer's Disease board

Alzheimers disease

573 words - 2 pages signs of aging; forgetting names, forgetting phone numbers, losing things more often. People may accept these as a normal part of aging. When they affect daily life, they may be early symptoms of Alzheimer's. Always fatal, Alzheimer's disease is the most common form of irreversible dementia. Dementia is chronic loss of mental capacity due to an organic cause. Dementia may involve progressive deterioration of thinking, memory, behavior, personality

Describes symptoms research and short history of the disease

590 words - 2 pages memory or other mental functions. If it is not Alzheimer's and it is some other disease that they can curer they need to know. Some of the diseases other than dementia that show the same symptoms as Alzheimer's are depression, medication side effects, thyroid conditions, alcohol abuse and some eating disorders.They have not yet found a cure for Alzheimer's but they have created prescriptions that can slow down the affects of Alzheimer's disease. In

Alzheimer’s disease and its effects on people in the United States

1406 words - 6 pages dementia, one would need to research dementia and all of its illnesses it can produce. My paper talks about dementia and its most common illness Alzheimer’s disease. Although Alzheimer’s disease is a serious illness of dementia, it is just the tip of the spear as there are various illnesses associated with dementia. Although there is a bleak outlook for people who currently have dementia, we can help by getting dementia recognized and put back

Alzheimer's Disease

657 words - 3 pages . Research has also shown that effective care and support can improve quality of life for individuals over the course of the disease from diagnosis to the end of life.Alzheimer's is the leading cause of dementia, a group of conditions that all gradually destroy brain cells and lead to progressive decline in mental function. Vascular dementia, another common form, results from reduced blood flow to the brain's nerve cells. In some cases, Alzheimer's

The Aging Population: Dementia in Focus

1246 words - 5 pages illness. We found that most cultures misunderstood symptoms of dementia as a normal process of aging rather than a disease. Native Americans however differ in that they lack the belief that this disease process brings shame upon the family. In contrast, they shy away from traditional social services due to the availability of Native American health services. This service keeps a database of the health on the reservations, however it these services

Dementia: Genuine and Nominal

944 words - 4 pages brain diseases and disorders are symptoms of dementia. An example of one of these symptoms would be Alzheimer’s disease, the most common form of dementia. Alzheimer’s is a neurodegenerative disease that causes impaired thinking, memory loss, and - on occasion - even death due to the brain losing control over vital physiological functions (Lau & Brodney, 2008). The main reason why misconceptions exist about dementia’s true nature is most people

Analysis and Description of Dementia

2255 words - 9 pages Dementia is characterized as a condition where the mental processes of cognition and memory start to deteriorate. It is described as a syndrome that hinders the daily lives of those who have it and is characterized by memory and thinking impairment. The most common form of dementia is Alzheimer’s Disease and the second most common is vascular dementia. Dementia is a syndrome occurring usually, but not limited, to people over the age of 40 and

Alzheimer's disease and Long Term Care

1574 words - 6 pages disease, diabetes, etc are also other risk factors for Alzheimer's disease (Bauer, 57).Alzheimer's disease is characterized by cognitive decline and decrease in daily living activities. It is the most common type of dementia. Medications can help alleviate the symptoms of the disease but cannot reverse or slow the progression of the disease. Short term memory loss and visual spatial confusion are usually the first signs of this disease. Patients in

Similar Essays

Alzheimer's Disease And Dementia Essay

1054 words - 4 pages Abstract: Alzheimer's disease is the most common cause of dementia and accounts for 50%-60% of all cases. The disease destroys brain cells and nerves disrupting the transmitters, which carry messages in the brain, particularly those responsible for storing memories. Alois Alzheimer first described Alzheimer's disease in 1906 (Alzheimer's disease International 2004).The research showed that psychotic and behavioral symptoms are common among older

Alzhiemer's Disease. Essay

2346 words - 9 pages Alzheimer's Disease: Not Just Loss of Memory.Introduction.Alzheimer's disease, a neurodegenerative brain disease, is the most common cause of dementia. It currently afflicts about 4 million Americans and is the fourth leading cause of death in the United States. Furthermore, Alzheimer's disease is the leading cause of mental impairment in elderly people and accounts for a large percentage of admissions to assisted living homes, nursing homes

Alzheimer's And The Brain Essay

1089 words - 5 pages them. Alzheimer's diseases changes the way people view the world. Alzheimer's disease is a disease of the brain. This may be considered a steady loss of memory and other mental functions. Alzheimer's is the most common form of dementia; a term stating to loss of memory and the ability to think, reason, function, and behave properly (Clinic, 2013). The word dementia derives from two Latin words, which mean away and mind, respectively. It's

The Causes And Effects Of Alzheimer's Disease

915 words - 4 pages -solving and learning abilities, and other mental functions.Many health conditions can cause dementia or symptoms similar to dementia. In some cases dementia may be reversible. Alzheimer's disease is the most common cause of dementia. A young person who has symptoms of dementia is more likely to have a psychiatric circumstance or a substance abuse problem than premature dementia. Over time, mental impairment from dementia will become severe enough to