The students in today’s classrooms cannot fathom a world without computers, video games, and smart phones. These students are tech-savvy as they play, learn, and communicate in a connected, digital world. School administrators and curriculum planners have come to the realization that they must meet students in their world by using technology to present meaningful and engaging lessons for all students. No longer can schools continue using the standardized teaching model, which became popular during the industrial based economy of the 1900’s (Jacob, 2013). Instead, educators must be willing to embrace the movement to the 21st century schools where technology enables personalized learning for all students. In addition, teachers must be educated as well as motivated to use technology as a tool to provide individualized learning for each child. Teachers need to gain the skills and knowledge to successfully utilize these powerful tools within the classroom setting.
However, Burns (2010) stated that even though technology has been incorporated into schools over the last 25 years, many teachers still do not have the skills or the confidence to use computers for classroom instruction. Some teachers complain they have no time to integrate technology into their learning segments, while others admit to not knowing how. While there are numerous reasons why teachers are not using technology in the classroom, the reason most mentioned is the lack of sufficient training (Kingsley, 2007).
The majority of schools now have computer labs as well as computers in each classroom. In addition, over 90 percent of all school has internet access. Nevertheless, 30 percent of the teachers in classroom state their students only use computers on the average of one hour a week, while 40 percent admit to not using computers with their students at all (Gahala, 2001). Often times the focus is more on using technology rather than on the subject matter. In addition, teachers just do not have the proper training to use technology to the full potential. As technology is constantly evolving even new teachers with technology training can be as overwhelmed as much as teachers who have taught for years.
Additionally, even when the most advanced technology tools are placed in classrooms teachers do not use them to provide innovative integration of lessons, but only for daily record-keeping, traditional based teaching, and personal use (Rakes, Fields, Cox, 2006). Often teachers lack the understanding that using computers is not the same as integrating them into the learning environment. Because of this, technology can sometimes hinder the students’ learning process instead of enriching. Many teacher are reluctant to include the integration of technology as they prefer to stick with classroom practices they are familiar with (Bai & Ertmer, 2008). It is the responsibility of the administration to outline the need for change and to provide the proper resources to...