Motivation Essay

2296 words - 9 pages

IntroductionWhen the topic of motivation is raised in general conversations, various images and stories are portrayed in people's minds. Feats of the local football team are raised and people acknowledge the inspiration and motivation that the coach has instilled within his players. Other images of adventurers and extremists are often looked upon and their life stories fill us with amazement on how they can be so motivated to complete these tasks.But what is motivation and how does it effect organisations and managers in todays workforce? Does it really impact on an organisation's success? Does it impact on the individuals within these organisations?In addressing these questions the author will outline the basic meaning of motivation within an organisation and look at management's view on its importance. The author will then look at a few different types of motivational theories, which have helped shape the thinking with managers over the last 40 years. This will include various aspects of how they interact with a managers focus.It will then be concluded that motivation is a very important part of an organisation which needs to be carefully addressed by the respective managers. This will be displayed by showing a few examples from the authors employer (Electrolux) as well as other issues that need to be considered.What is Motivation?Motivation is a label which describes the cause of an individual or organisation's behaviour, or why they would carry out particular activities (cited on Microsoft Encarta Encyclopedia 2000). The motivation that an individual or organisation may have is largely driven by its motives or goals, which managers for centuries have tried to influence to enable a more productive and efficient workforce.The success of an organisation depends on the ability of its managers to get tasks done by its employees. Good managers promote motivation with their staff as motivated employees are generally more productive and tend to stay with an organisation longer. This can inturn increase efficiencies and profits as an organisation's turnover and absenteeism rates decrease.Abraham Maslow developed his famous theory of human motivation in 1943 which included what he described as a hierarchy of needs (cited in Huczynski & Buchanan, 2001, p. 240). Maslow(1943) suggested that human beings are motivated by unsatisfied needs within this hierarchy and that the lower needs have to be met or satisfied before we pursue the next level of needs:"At once other (and higher) needs emerge, and these, rather than physiological hungers, dominate the organism. And when these in turn are satisfied, again new (and still higher) needs emerge, and so on. As one desire is satisfied, another pops up to take its place."As each need suffers a chronic deficiency, it will then motivate or drive that person's behaviour.According to Maslow, there are general types of needs (physiological, safety, belonging (love), esteem) that need to be satisfied before a person...

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