Motivation And Emotion Part Viii: Self Concept & Regulation

1070 words - 5 pages

People who have suffered from traumatic life experiences go through a wide range of emotions throughout their lives and the majority of these emotions are deleterious to the person’s mental and physical health. Specifically, these individuals go through fear via re-experiencing their traumatic life experience or sadness through the victimization process they are likely to undergo. Emotions have four major components including feelings, bodily arousal, sense of purpose, and social-expressive. Recognizing these negative emotions will assist in alleviating the research participants’ aversive symptoms for the treatment of their trauma spectrum disorder. Fear and sadness can have both positive and negative consequences and managing these emotions is a challenging but worthwhile endeavor.
The four basic components of fear and sadness include feelings, bodily arousal, sense of purpose, and social expressive components. The bodily arousal includes biological aspects such as neural circuits and hormonal responses to fear and sadness inducing situations. The amygdala and the prefrontal cortex of the brain heavily influence fear processing and people with damage to these areas of the brain have displayed marginalized or the absence of fear responses. Specifically, the neural pathway of fear occurs in the lateral amygdala, to the central nucleus of the amygdala, then to areas of the brain that process and control defensive behavior via the autonomic and endocrine responses. Colloquially called the fight or flight response, this enables a person to either engage in direct action to stop the fear inducing agent or removing one’s self from the agent. The sympathetic branch of the autonomic system becomes active during these situations causing increased heart rate, respiration rate via dilation of bronchi, release of epinephrine and norepinephrine, glucose release, and the inhibition of digestive functions.
Sadness has markedly different bodily arousal such as increased activity in the temporal cortex, cerebellum, caudate, putamen, midbrain, and thalamus. Whereas fear causes the activation of the sympathetic nervous system, sadness typically activates the parasympathetic nervous system. Other biological responses include decreased heart rate, low energy levels, and increased activity in digestive functions. This also explains why sadness causes a person to eat more than someone that is not sad.
Feelings of sadness and fear can be overwhelming for people, but there are positive and negative consequences for both. Typically, people who are feeling sad show aversive, negative, and distressed feelings. Fear is usually associated with agitation, anxiety, apprehension, uneasy, and avoidance. Fear can cause people to act irrationally and possibly destructive causing harm to themselves or others. Sadness can also cause someone to act irrationally or lead someone to be self-destructive or cope with alcohol or illicit drugs. These are clearly examples of the negative...

Find Another Essay On Motivation and Emotion Part VIII: Self Concept & Regulation

Psychology of the Motivation and emotion

904 words - 4 pages , frequent question is how do we want? , how long do I want to achieve? , and most importantly after getting everything I want I will do with those achievements. These questions are what allow us to define the way we are going to take to reach a decision, either the most important or the most insignificant. Having reached this point where we find the motivation as this is what drives us to be focused on what we want to achieve, which helps us reach as

Cognitive Case Study- Motivation and Emotion

598 words - 2 pages smoking causes lung cancer (another new cognition). This cognition is an ego defensive mechanism on his part. He ends up decreasing the importance of the cognitive dissonance (smoking is not a good idea).Joe has to stop lying to himself; the fact is smoking is harmful to one's heath in the long and short run. An intervention that specifically targets this habit and will help Joe break the habit is by changing his mind set about smoking as well as

Pretend Play, Creativity, and Emotion Regulation In Children

1776 words - 7 pages Critique of Journal Articles Pretend Play, Creativity, and Emotion Regulation In Children Hoffmann and Russ (2012) examined the relationships between pretend play, creativity, emotion regulation, and executive functioning. The researchers suggested that during pretend play, the children exhibited cognitive, affective, and interpersonal processes. Studies have shown that pretend play is associated to being creative, in that, children

Self-Concept in Childhood and Adolescence

915 words - 4 pages many animals have ears. When she asked if a baby can say what is the picture about, they both said no because babies can’t talk and have no idea about animals names. This proves that seven years old children are well aware that prior experiences knowledge affects person viewpoints. By middle to late adolescence teenagers combines their variety personalities traces into an organized self-concept. Adolescence organized self description provides

Motivation and self-control in learning

846 words - 4 pages People with self-control and motivation learn more effectively in the long run. In Paul Tough's book; How Children Succeed, he discussed various factors that contribute to success which included Self-Control and Motivation. Many could argue that self-control and motivation don’t make a difference academically, but on the contrary; both are good tools to utilize in an educational capacity. One needs self-control to focus on studying rather

The Importance of Emotional Self-Regulation and Secure Attachments

2384 words - 10 pages “Growth of self-regulation is a cornerstone of early childhood development and is visible in all areas of behavior” (Shonkoff & Phillips, 2000) Throughout the course of a person’s life, they will face many situations where self-regulation of the emotions is needed to make decisions that can determine a positive outcome of a given situation. Most adult are able to think about the consequences of their actions before a situation gets out of

The Elements of Success: Self Motivation and Self Determination

911 words - 4 pages how self determination, self motivation, and hard work have put her in the very successful position she is currently living in. Being self motivated is an important part to becoming a successful person, as it is shown by Fredrick Douglass through his personal experiences. Douglass, being a young black slave, was not allowed to go to school, but his mistress educated him nonetheless. He states in this article that while he lived with his

Coping and Self Regulation of Individuals with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

655 words - 3 pages Coping and Self-regulation (Fetal Alcohol Syndrome) "Alcohol use during pregnancy is related to physiological difficulties in newborns" (Colburn, 1996). Coping with the abnormalities of fetal alcohol syndrome and becoming a self regulated person can be very hard; however, it has been and can be done. First of all, an early diagnosis of FAS leads to an improved prognosis. A child who is diagnosed early on can then be placed into

Working with people and teams, concept of motivation

7108 words - 28 pages consists of a horde of mercenary individuals each attempting selfishly to maximise their personal self-interest, it showed how social and technical systems interrelate and it highlighted links between job satisfaction and productivity.Criticisms of social concept of motivation are that the human relations approach has been attacked for its seemingly unrealistic altruism.Organisational needs and objectives can vary enormously depending on current

Ideal Beauty and its Effect on Children’s Self-Concept

2185 words - 9 pages imagination to see themselves in different societal roles (Kail & Barnfield, 2012, p. 365); the media influences most of these roles. The area of beauty and appearance is one part specifically where girls rely heavily on the media ‘s influence in order to create their imaginary role. Children use the ideal image of beauty that the media attempts to force on society to create their own identity, however, doing so negatively affects their self

Effect of feedback on performance and self-concept

909 words - 4 pages . Positive or negative feedback not only enhances/deteriorates performance but also has a huge effect on one’s self-concept. Self-concept is a collection of one’s beliefs about oneself; mental image, self-worth and self-competence. Leaders need to be careful while giving negative feedback, when providing their specific suggestions; they must also talk about positives too. This helps put the person in a comfortable position. If this is not done

Similar Essays

Commentary On ‘Culture And The Self: Implications For Cognition, Emotion, And Motivation’

575 words - 3 pages In their article “Culture and the Self: Implications for Cognition, Emotion, and Motivation”, Markus and Kitayama (1991) question the universality of notion of self as a “complete, whole, autonomous” (p.246) entity that is separate from others and the social contexts surrounding it' and propose that like many other concepts in psychology, it has a more complex and variable reality. They contend that anecdotes such as, in America, “the squeaky

Self Regulation And Motivation: A Counseling Intervention For Student Success In Mathematics

2194 words - 9 pages Self-Regulation and Motivation: A Counseling Intervention for Student Success in Mathematics There are numerous research articles on the need for mathematics intervention in the transition grades (Falco, Crethar & Bauman, 2008; Medina, 2011; Ocak & Yamac, 2013; Swanson, 2011). Ramdass (2011) proposed that during the elementary school years, students valued math and its importance. However, in middle school, their interest decreased and they did

Analyisis Of Buyer Behaviour: Social Trends, Self Concept And Motivation Affecting The Consumption Of Organic Products

2638 words - 11 pages balance of body, mind and soul--Purchasing from socially responsible companies5. Why people buy organic? What do they "expect"?Motivation and Organic ProductThe aspects of consumer behavior mentioned before affect directly what is that motivates people to buy organic products. Consumer's self-concept affects directly what people value and consequently what motivates them to consume different products. "Motivation refers to an activated state within

Emotion And Motivation Success Essay

720 words - 3 pages emotion perspective on emotion regulation. Cognition & Emotion, 25(5), 782-784. Mindset Works(TM) Wins Contract from U.S. Department of Education to Develop Critical Tools and Programs to Raise Student Motivation and Achievement. (2010, June 28). PR Newswire. Retrieved from