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Motivation And Motivational Leadership Essay

2865 words - 12 pages

Motivation and motivational leadership
What is motivation and how can the sense of motivation modulate your existence for the top.
You all desire to be motivated but do you know what motivation is properly. The dictionary defines motivation this way:
"Motivation: The psychological feature that arouses an organism to action towards a desired goal, the reason for that action.”
Replace "organism" with "a human being" and you start to understand it. A modulation of the definition is that we want to have a reason beyond our actions to attain our goals.
Achieving what you want in life means getting motivated. Inspirations along with perspiration are key ingredients in making you a success.
People ...view middle of the document...

Intrinsic motivation
The intrinsic motivation is the willingness and excitement of doing the task through which the person can obtain pleasure and reward and at the same time increasing the skills.
Professor Steven Reiss has proposed a theory that found 16 basic desires that guide nearly all human behavior. Through studies involving more than 6,000 people. The 16 basic desires that motivate our actions and define our personalities are:
• Acceptance, the need for approval
• Curiosity, the need to learn
• Eating, the need for food
• Family, the need to raise children
• Honor, the need to be loyal to the traditional values of one's clan/ethnic group
• Idealism, the need for social justice
• Independence, the need for individuality
• Order, the need for organized, stable, predictable environments
• Physical activity, the need for exercise
• Power, the need for influence of will
• Romance, the need for sex
• Saving, the need to collect
• Social contact, the need for friends (peer relationships)
• Social status, the need for social standing/importance
• Tranquility, the need to be safe
• Vengeance, the need to strike back/to win
In this model, refers to 2 different desires:
-basic desire “which is intrinsic desire” directly motivates a person's behavior without satisfying other desires.
-non-basic desire is not considering a deep motivation, or means to achieve other main desires.
Extrinsic motivation
Is the performance of an activity in order to achieve an outcome, which is the opposite of intrinsic motivation? It is widely believed that there are two functions if motivation. The energetic activation component is the first one. The orientation directional component is the second. We can divide motives in tow types: internal and external. Internal motives are the needs that every human being experience, while external demonstrates the presence of specific situations where these needs arise.
Social psychological research has pointed out that extrinsic rewards can lead to over justification and a subsequent reduction in intrinsic motivation.
The self-control of motivation is growing understood as a subset of emotional intelligence; a person may be highly intelligent according to a more conservative definition, but is unwilling to dedicate this intelligence to certain tasks which leads the person to be unmotivated.
Drives and desires can be described as a deficiency or need that activates behavior that is aimed at a goal or an incentive. Some individuals may not require external stimuli to encourage the behavior. Basic drives could be sparked by deficiencies such as hunger, which motivates a person to seek food; whereas more subtle drives might be the desire for praise and approval, which motivates a person to behave in a manner pleasing to others since it though that an individual, originate with it.
In contrary to the role of extrinsic rewards and stimuli that can be seen in the example of training animals by giving them treats when...

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