Motivation And Self Control In Learning. Essay

846 words - 4 pages

People with self-control and motivation learn more effectively in the long run. In Paul Tough's book; How Children Succeed, he discussed various factors that contribute to success which included Self-Control and Motivation. Many could argue that self-control and motivation don’t make a difference academically, but on the contrary; both are good tools to utilize in an educational capacity. One needs self-control to focus on studying rather than hanging out with their friends. Self-control can be the difference between failing or succeeding in college. Often times you see motivation and self-control work hand in hand. Motivation can be a helpful technique to use in the learning process. Self-control and motivation when used in a learning environment can be highly effective in the outcome of success.

The marshmallow experiment showed that children who have more self-control in waiting for two marshmallows rather than one are more likely to succeed in their educational life. In the 1960’s Walter Mischel, a Professor at Stanford University developed an experiment to test the willpower of four-year olds (Tough 62). The experiment consisted of a researcher bringing a child into an empty room and sitting him at a desk with a bell on it (Tough 62). The researcher let the child know they could eat the marshmallow when they returned (Tough 62). All the child needed to do was ring the bell and the experimenter would return with the marshmallow and the child could have it(Tough 62). However if the child waited for the researcher to return on their own they’d get two marshmallows instead of just one (Tough 62). A decade later Mischel checked up on the children to see if their ability to delay self-gratification could have predicted any academic outcomes (Tough 62). In 1981, Mischel started to track down as many of the children from the experiment as he could and continued to follow them years afterwards (Tough 62). What he found was that the children who had been able to control themselves and wait to get their marshmallows were on average 210 points higher on their SAT scores (Tough 62).

The M&M test can be seen as an example of motivation in learning success because the students had a reward in the end for doing well. In the late 1960’s in California, a researcher named Calvin Edlund conducted an experiment (Tough 64). He selected seventy-nine children...

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