This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Motivation Behind The Unification Of Germany In 1871

1120 words - 4 pages

As with the motivations behind the unification of most modern nations, the unification of Germany in 1871 can be attributed to many varied causes, of which the following three must be said to be among the most important. The populist forces of nationalism and liberalism, the military conquests of Prussia and its territories and lastly the economic, commercial and industrial benefits that it brought to the entire country. The ideas of nationalism and liberalism were essential in the stimulation of the middle and lower classes of society towards the goal of unification. Towards the end of the eighteenth century, a time marked by the French Revolution, the populist ideals of liberalism and nationalism were starting to take hold in continental Europe (they had been present in Britain for at least a century before this).By 1816, they had become established in Germany in the form of the Burschenschaften , a fraternity of university students from the various german states, who were attempting to persuade their respective leaders into liberal reforms and eventually german unification. Although the Burschenschaften was forced to disperse in 1819, because of the Carlsbad decrees (a series of decrees agreed to by all the german princes that specifically ordered the dispersal of the Burschenschaften, censorship of the press and the crushing of political debate), nationalistic and to a much lesser extent liberalistic feeling still ran high among the general population, especially the bourgeoise.After the failure of the revolts of 1848 , liberalism waned in popularity, but nationalism remained strong. The victory of Prussia over Austria in 1866 established in the German states who would lead this unified Germany, and to who their nationalistic ambitions would reside in. This new found allegiance of the German states to Prussia because of a common cause allowed the Prussian high command to feel secure enough to start a war with France. This move by the Prussians caused a huge nationalistic spur and all the German states excluding Austria sent troops to aid Prussia in its war with France. The victory of Prussia over France emblazoned the sentiment of the German states into offering the crown of German Emperor to William I of Prussia.One of the single most important causes of German unification was Prussia's expansionistic foreign policy adopted by William I, and the man who carried that out, Otto von Bismarck. Few historians will assert that William I was a supporter of German unification. He was in fact, an ardent opposer of it. His hopes laid in an extended Prussia that encompassed all of Germany. To this end would all the wars of his reign be carried out. The amazing thing is that within nine years Prussia transformed herself geographically from a relatively small kingdom with scattered territory to, a large prosperous empire which rivalled France in geographic area. This was done with amazing skill and talent by Otto von Bismarck, who was appointed...

Find Another Essay On Motivation Behind the Unification of Germany in 1871

the unification of germany Essay

1437 words - 6 pages Italian peninsula. However by 1849 it can be argued the Vienna settlement may have had suffered some changes.Between the years 1820-21 there were revolutions which aimed to challenge the provisions of the Vienna settlement. One of the main causes behind these revolutions was that opposition to absolutist rule arose and the liberals demanded a constitutional government and liberty. In Naples the carbonari, liberals and middle classes demanded an end

Analyzing the unification of Italy and Germany

1932 words - 8 pages . The Congress of Vienna played a huge role in the unification of Italy and Germany because it divided territories promoting the idea of nationalism.The rise and subsequent fall of Napoleon, was a major factor in the need for the Congress of Vienna. "When Napoleon abdicated his thrown and accepted his enemies' offer of exile to the Mediterranean island of Elba, thus bringing to an end to more than twenty years of nearly constant warfare between

Unification of Germany

1531 words - 6 pages . Germany had experienced a recession in its economy following the economic success from 1871-1873, causing Bismarck to not only downplay the weakness of Germany but also remain an aggressive nation-state in the restructured political system. Compounded by their unrelenting efforts to contain France, Germany was in no strategic position to pose a threat to a Great Britain, given their naval power and greater economic resources. Furthermore

Unification of Germany

1186 words - 5 pages Congress of Vienna. Through the machinations of Chancellor Otto von Bismarck and his determination to unite the German lands through “blood and iron”, Germany quickly rose to become the epicenter of European politics and forever changed the geopolitical landscape of Europe. In examining the unification of Germany and its implications for the international system, this paper will explore the prehistory of the unification, significant diplomatic

Unification of Germany

2761 words - 11 pages Unification of Germany On January 18, 1871, the German Empire was proclaimed宣佈æˆç«‹. It is a turning point轉æ©é»ž in the European history, and was one of the remote causesé å›  that led to the outbreak of the First World War. In fact, the success of German unification was due to the interplay互相交織 of many factors. Ideological ----------- a. Liberalism: Ideas of liberalism had been sown by the

unification of germany

1437 words - 6 pages Italian peninsula. However by 1849 it can be argued the Vienna settlement may have had suffered some changes.Between the years 1820-21 there were revolutions which aimed to challenge the provisions of the Vienna settlement. One of the main causes behind these revolutions was that opposition to absolutist rule arose and the liberals demanded a constitutional government and liberty. In Naples the carbonari, liberals and middle classes demanded an end

Blood and Iron - The Main Factors in the Unification of Germany

2033 words - 8 pages Blood and Iron - The Main Factors in the Unification of Germany The unification of Germany was not just a matter of the signing a document stating that the many states had become one country. There were problems such as varying languages, currencies, and ethnic minorities to name a few. In the end however one country, Germany was the states as one but how was it unified? 'Coal and iron' refers to economic ties

The Terminal Stage of the Unification of Germany

1119 words - 5 pages 1800s, the idea of nationalism swept across the continent of Europe that steered about the Great War such as Russian supporting the Slavic peoples, assassination of Archduke, and unification of Germany. With the increasing desire for independence, the Slavic peoples in Bosnia and Herzegovina no longer wanted to be part of Austria Hungary but instead be part of Serbia; the Slavic people shared the same ethnicity as the Russians, therefore it provided

5(b): How far were the roles of Bismarck and Cavour decisive in the unification of Germany and Italy?

2071 words - 8 pages himself from them and lost his penetratinginsight into the affairs of the state. There is no doubt that Stalin also began to develop hisown cult, helped on by the defeat of Germany in the war and developed via propaganda.This violating the party's system of democratic centralism and the principle of combiningcollective leadership with individual responsibility. It can be argued that he made mistakes:for example, broadening the scope of the suppression

The Chicago Fire Of 1871

511 words - 2 pages The Chicago Fire of 1871      The summer of 1871 had been an unusually dry one in Chicago. Between July and October, only 5 inches of rain fell. In addition to twenty-seven fires in the first week of October, on Saturday night, October 7, a blaze broke out in a planning mill on the West Side and destroyed almost every building in a four block area before it was brought under control Sunday morning. They lost a hose

The Chicago Fire of 1871

552 words - 2 pages THE CHICAGO FIRE of 1871 The summer of 1871 had been an unusually dry one in Chicago. Between July andOctober, only 5 inches of rain fell. In addition to twenty-seven fires in the first week ofOctober, on Saturday night, October 7, a blaze broke out in a planning mill on the WestSide and destroyed almost every building in a four block area before it was brought undercontrol Sunday morning. They lost a hose and other fire-fighting

Similar Essays

Coal And Iron And The Unification Of Germany In 1871

1803 words - 7 pages Coal and Iron and the Unification of Germany in 1871 In 1862, Bismarck said that ‘the great questions of the day will be settled by blood and iron.’ Although there is undoubtedly some degree of accuracy in this statement, the most important reason for the unification of Germany, which ended ‘the great questions of the day,’ was ‘coal and iron.’ This is a quote from British economist John Maynard Keynes, who argued

The Unification Of Germany Between 1863 And 1871

1155 words - 5 pages important factor of these. He was a successful diplomat with strong anti liberal views. Even though parliament refused to approve taxes for enlarging the Prussian army, Bismark simply carried on collecting them, showing his willingness to go to extreme measures to achieve his aims. Between 1864 and 1871 Bismark engaged in three wars which brought about the unification of Germany. Firstly, the Danish war of 1864. This

Bismarck's Unification Of Germany, 1862 1871 Essay

1126 words - 5 pages A.) The Situation in 1862When OTTO VON BISMARCK was appointed chancellor of Prussia by King Wilhelm IV. in 1862, the liberal democratic attempt to unify Germany had failed (1848/49). There was a widespread sentiment among the Germans, especially among the urban and protestant Germans, in favor of unification. Under similar conditions, COUNT CAMILLO CAVOUR had engineered Italy's unification in 1859/60. As in Italy's case, there were a number of

The Unification Of Germany Essay

1365 words - 5 pages The Unification of Germany           In 1871 the thirty-eight states of what was once the Holy Roman Empire, re-united to become what was known in the early twentieth century as simply, The German Empire, united under the rule of the German Emperor, or Kaiser. There are many factors which led to the unification of the German states; liberalism, nationalism, Otto Von Bismarck, fear of ‘another Napoleon’, the Prussian King William I, and