All employees analyze their environment and strive to be recognized and rewarded for their hard work and dedication they put into the company, in a word they are seeking justice. Justice can be defined as a person receiving what they feel they are entitled to and if they do not receive what they deserve the situation may board on injustice. Unfortunately in today’s society justice and appreciation are not given out to all those deserving (Pinder, 1998). A major problem to address is how to keep the motivation level high in a company when the employees do not feel appreciated.
The Equity Theory touches on the effects these situations have on the employee’s motivational level. In society today employees are constantly comparing how they are treated compared to others within the company (Carpenter, Bauer, Erodgogan & Short, 2013). A major challenge being faced is the fact that everyone will see themselves as unappreciated for the things they contribute to the company when in fact they may be receiving the same treatment as their colleagues (Pinder, 1998). A person tends to base fairness on how other people or groups, otherwise known as referents, are rewarded for their “input-to-output” ratio compared to their own. The ratio has to deal with the way a person feels they are giving back to society compared to the “outputs” or rewards they feel they are entitled to for their contribution. Another theory in the work place is the expectancy theory. This theory says that employees will consider if the hard work will pay off, second is if their efforts will lead to greater rewards, and third is if the award valuable to the individual. Managers can use these facts to their advantage to motivate employees by awarding their hard work (Carpenter, Bauer, Erodgogan & Short, 2013).
People can make exceptions to the “input-to-output” ratio if they feel as though the referent is deserving of the higher inputs. The challenge to this formula is the fact that every person has a different viewpoint on the same situation or puts more emphasis on inputs and outputs that are important to themselves due to the fact, “the workplace is an important forum in which people experience the joys and miseries of fairness and unfairness in the exchange of their talents, efforts, and ideas for economic and noneconomic benefits (Carpenter, Bauer, Erodgogan & Short, 2013).” For example, well-educated individuals may look at the fact that they attended an Ivy League University and graduated with a business degree and feel as though they are entitled special treatment or pay due to their accomplishments even though their quality of work is only adequate (Pinder, 1998).
All employees analyze their environment and strive to be recognized and rewarded for their hard work and dedication they put into the company, in a word they are seeking justice. Justice can be defined as a person receiving what they feel they are entitled to and if they do not receive what they deserve, the situation may...