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Motivation Of "The Crucible" By Arthur Miller: Characters

1082 words - 4 pages

"John Proctor: I'll tell you what's walking Salem-- vengeance is walking Salem. We are what we always were in Salem, but now the little crazy children are jangling the keys of the kingdom, and common vengeance writes the law! This warrant's vengeance! I'll not give my wife to vengeance! (Miller, 379)". This quote by John Proctor was spoken in response to one of the many motives in the Salem witch trails in The Crucible. The witch trials were seen by some as an opportunity to obtain personal gain through accusing others of witchcraft. There were many motivational goals for the characters in The Crucible such as, sexual, political, and financial.The character, in Arthur Miller's "The Crucible", who holds a sexually motivated goal for accusing others, is Abigail Williams. When Abigail is the Proctors' housekeeper, she and John Proctor commit adultery before the Salem witch trails. John, however, feels guilty of his crime and sees through Abigail's methods to kill his wife, Elizabeth Proctor, by accusing her (From Page to Stage). Abigail and the other girls fake being bewitched to convince others of the witchcraft's validity of the accused (Scheidt, 11). The other people being accused of witch craft only strengthened her chances of winning support for accusing Elizabeth Proctor. Her main goal is to eradicate Elizabeth Proctor and to gain back John's "love". "When suspicion swings to his wife, John is forced to choose: keep quiet about his lechery or expose Abigail and possibly forfeit his own life (High Intensity)". She uses the Salem witch trails, in such a way, to try and achieve her single goal of winning back John Proctor, by trapping him. She fakes being attacked by Elizabeth Proctor allegedly using a voodoo doll to pierce Abigail's stomach. Her goal is not completed though in the end, because John loves Elizabeth so much, that he allows himself to be accused and be executed, rather than be with Abigail.The characters, in Arthur Miller's The Crucible, who have a politically motivated goal for accusing others, are Reverend Parris and Deputy Grand Danforth. "Author's Note. [Parris] believed he was being persecuted wherever he went, despite his best efforts to win people and God to his side (Moss, 42).Parris. 'I do not fathom it, why I am I persecuted here? I cannot offer one proposition but there will be a howling riot of an argument. I have often wondered if the Devil be in it somewhere; I cannot understand you people other wise' (Miller, 401).This is an accurate description of Parris's personality and attitude. He believes that there is a group of people that want him out of Salem, for whatever reason. He steadily continues the events of the Salem witch trails to reinforce his authority in Salem. He hopes that the showing of his power in the Salem witch trials in persecuting others denouncing anyone's plans to get rid of him. One can draw the conclusion from this evidence of his political motivations, however, that he does not truly believe. The...

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