Motivation Of Workers Essay

1512 words - 6 pages

Motivation of Workers

Having a motivated workforce is vital for most businesses, since it
can lead to higher rates of productivity, better quality output, and
low rates of absenteeism and labour turnover.

The main factors which affect the motivation of workers are pay
levels, job security, promotional prospects, being given
responsibilities, working conditions, fringe benefits, participation
in decision-making and working in a team.

Motivational Theories
---------------------

There are two basic theories of motivation; content theories and
process theories. Content theories focus on what actually motivates
people, they study the needs that must be satisfied in order for the
employee to be motivated.

The need is either satisfied by an extrinsic reward (e.g. pay) or an
intrinsic reward (e.g. recognition and praise). The Classical (Fayol),
the Scientific (Taylor), the Human Relations (Mayo), and the Neo-Human
Relations (Maslow, Herzberg, McGregor) schools of management thought
are all content theories.

Process theories, do not concern the needs which must be satisfied in
order to achieve motivation, but instead they are concerned with the
thought-processes that influence workers’ behaviour. There are two
such theories:

Expectancy theory:

This states that workers will only act when they have a reasonable
expectation that their work will lead to the desired outcome. If they
believe that they possess the ability and skill to achieve the goal,
then their level of effort will be great and they will be motivated.

Equity theory:

This states that each worker will wish to receive a remuneration
package (equal to their pay plus fringe benefits) in return for their
efforts. Each worker will only be motivated if their remuneration
package is seen to be fair (or equitable) in relation to the
remuneration packages received by the other workers for their efforts.

Financial Methods
-----------------

There are many different methods of payment that a business can choose
from, each of which can have different effects on the level of
motivation of the workforce. The main methods are:

1. Time-rate (‘flat rate’) schemes.

This payment method involves the employee receiving a basic rate of
pay per time period that he works (e.g. £5 per hour, £50 per day, £400
per week). The pay is not related to output or productivity.

Any time that the employee works above the agreed number of hours per
week may make him eligible for overtime payments, often at ‘time and a
half’ (e.g. £7.50 per hour instead of £5 per hour).

2. Piece-rate schemes.

This payment method involves the employee receiving an amount of money
per unit (or per ‘piece’) that he produces. Therefore his pay is
directly linked to his productivity level.

However, it is possible that...

Find Another Essay On Motivation of Workers

Proposal to Help Set Goals for the SC Company

1080 words - 4 pages The skilled assembly workers at Sparks and Crash (SC) are having a difficult time producing enough components to cover demand. After investigation, the company stated they do not want to hire more workers; however, the workers they currently employ are slow. Furthermore, there is a lack of defined goals and feedback about worker performance. In addition, the workers complain about the noise in the workspace and the overcrowding. Moreover, the

Employee Motivation and its Role in Modern Management

892 words - 4 pages inspirational concepts and by implementing effective management techniques with the aim of interacting with the workers in aggressive accomplishment of the company's goals can there be designed an architectural background which can help the interests of the company as well as the ones of the workers. Motivation has been described as the combined impact of complex sets of values that have to do with how individuals feel about many factors, such as themselves

Leadership in the UK Police Force

1334 words - 5 pages decisive role of leading the transformation and civil society are moving in the preparation of the military. Motivation intensity and importance of the impact on workers and employees and also vary. This is the kind of activities in the region, varies for different reasons and too risky. The people in the UK police are a source of competitive advantage to maximize this advantage; the British police will ensure that employees work for organization

Motivation

2911 words - 12 pages Part I IntroductionWork motivation is the psychological forces within a person that determine the direction of the person's behavior in an organization, the person's level of effort, and the person's level of persistence in the face of obstacle (George & Jone 1999). In recent years, 'motivation' has become a frequent and important topic at management seminars and conference. Motivation is important because it explains why workers behave as

Approach to enhancing the workplace

1479 words - 6 pages . Therefore we can find a lot of information of how we can improve the workplace by simply enhancing the way we treat our workers and showing them the correct way to improvement. I believe that many of the principles here are principles of effective and productive human performance that can be applied to the workplace. The issues in the articles are relevant to motivation and performance in the workplace and are also relevant to managers and leaders

Essay

2558 words - 11 pages overall motivation - as workers would feel more like employees in a company rather than assets - as well as making employees capable of expanding their skills by job enrichment. Implementing the Taylor’s ideology, the impact on the organisation could be vast. The company’s productivity might increase temporarily, but it could also fall back down after some time. Also, when workers are paid with a piece-rate method, as they focus on making the

Motivation and Conflict Management

1052 words - 4 pages organizations apply motivation theories to motivate employees. Applying Motivation Theories to Motivate Employees Keeping workers motivated in today workplace can be not just a job, but also an adventure. In many organizations this is a challenge because the workplace is made up of a diverse cultural environment. Managers are still the driving force for any business and the responsibility and demand to acquire workers to comply and perform is

Theory X and Theory Y

1225 words - 5 pages would factor the importance of the individual worker. If a manager could tap into the feelings and attitudes of their workers, then the manager would be able increase their employee’s motivation which would then increase production. McGregor’s theory viewed the employee as a person and not as a machine as classical theorists did, and because the employee will receive more personal attention, he/she will become more satisfied with his/her own work

The Effect of Motivation on an Employee's Work Performance

1883 words - 8 pages the "motivators or growth factor serve to motivate. These factors will affect feelings of satisfaction. It can be argued that the lower level needs of Maslow's hierarchy relate to the extrinsic/hygiene factors of Herzberg's two factor theory. There are criticisms to Herzberg's theory as it is believed that it mainly relates to workers in unskilled jobs, or work that is uninteresting and repetitive. Having attempted to define motivation and

Overview of Different Theories of Motivation

3343 words - 13 pages on motivation through looking at management as a science. Frederick Winslow Taylor believed that naturally, people do not like to perform tasks and work and they need to be pushed. Workers also need to be controlled. Miner, B. John. (2005). Library of Congress Catalog-In-Publication Data. http://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=kUO5NWwaySYC&oi=fnd&pg=PA61&dq=Frederick+Herzberg+motivation+hygiene&ots=UE9CujJmGJ&sig=F1v7olQGCGpeMVdG5AbYF6z6xEM

Worker Motivation in Capitalist Economies

677 words - 3 pages order to maintain the motivation of the workers. Some factors might include decent salaries, benefits, or even a thriving corporate culture. Many theorists attempt to explain motivation in relation to a person’s basic needs in life. The best-known example of this would be Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs. “Maslow distinguishes between two basic categories of needs: deficiency needs and growth needs” (Porter et al. 2003, p. 6). The deficiency needs

Similar Essays

Workers Motivation At Harrah's Essay

870 words - 3 pages people never wanted mixing with each other. This led to formulation of a stable workforce. A goal was set to lower the turnover of the company. This was achieved through effective recruitment of workers, and maintenance of workers through motivation. In the recruitment, the appropriate people for the job were selected. This was based on change in hiring standards as well as the change in the system of hiring. The role of workers of Harrah was

Employee Motivation And Capitalism Essay

2332 words - 9 pages Introduction: Motivation according to Kelley (2014) is the ‘process through which managers build the desire to be productive and effective in their employees’. If an employee is motivated, they are more likely to be productive and generally staff turnover is low. The problem of worker motivation is that workers are not seen as humans, they have a lack of freedom at the workplace and lack of job fulfilment. Taylor and McGregor Theory X argue that

Intrinsic Versus Extrinsic Motivation Essay

1572 words - 6 pages and does not depend on explicit rewards or other external constraints. Those that are intrinsically motivated have a bit of advantages over workers who are more predominantly extrinsically motivated. For instance, intrinsically motivated people work on job tasks because they find them enjoyable and interesting. Additionally, there is evidence showing that intrinsic motivation is positively correlated with learning, achievement, perception of

Assessment Essay

540 words - 3 pages The article “Herzberg’s Two-Factor Theory of work motivation tested empirically on seasonal workers in hospitality and tourism” by Lundberg et al (2009) discusses the question if Herzberg’s Theory of motivation is still valid with the aid of an empirical test on seasonal workers in hospitality and tourism (Lundberg et al, 2009) In the introduction the authors provide background information about general effects of seasonal staffing in tourism