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Motivation Theory Essay

1762 words - 7 pages


The word motivation comes from the Latin word "movere", which means to move. Motivation is defined as an internal drive that activates behaviours and gives it direction. The term motivation theory is concerned with the processes that describe why and how human behaviour is activated and directed. It is regarded as one of the most important areas of study in the field of organizational behaviour. The act of directing and controlling a group of people for the purposes of coordinating and balancing the group towards accomplishing a goal beyond the scope of individual effort is known as management.

In an organisation, mangers are needed to direct the efforts of others by taking responsibilities and making critical decisions. Managers need to know basic knowledge and must have experience in the place or department they are working. They must be able to give instructions and also crucial facts related to professional information. Further more the skills and attribute of a manager are progressing understanding to events, diagnostic problem solving, social skills, and economic resilience. A manager has to be creative, must have a mental agility, balanced learning habits and self knowledge. Managers have different interpersonal roles which are figurehead, leader, and liaison. Figurehead managers have figurative head ceremonial duties meaning they represent their organisation in all matters of formality (Allen, G. 1998). Liaisons managers preserve network external of contacts while leaders are suppose to motivate and direct the employees. All these attributes are essential because they express dependability, something needed in maintaining a business in order to keep it booming.

Motivation influences work performance in an organization, however it is not the only factor that determines how well or badly employees work. There are varieties of other variables thought to play an important role in people performances which have been proven over the past years. These include ability, instinct, and aspiration level as well as personal factors such as age, education, and family surroundings (Matteson, T.M. and M.J Ivancevich, 2002, p.146). An In-depth knowledge of motivational theory is needed for someone to become a better manager. However, managers can not get the best out of their employers if they do not know the appropriate way to motivate them. Further more, unless employee knows what is supposed to be done and how to do it, high levels of job performance is not possible. Knowing in depth knowledge of motivation theory is not the only way to increase an employee’s contribution or workforce in the organisation. An employee being given the opportunity to perform is also a critical ingredient in the performance recipe.

The fundamental way of succeeding as a manager in business is to...

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