Movimiento Estudiantil 2011 Essay

781 words - 3 pages

Sin vuelta atrás, el despertar ciudadano chilenoLa mañana del 12 de mayo de 2011 salieron a marchar cerca de 200 mil estudiantes tan solo en Santiago, siendo una de las más grandes movilizaciones desde la vuelta a la democracia. ¿Es acaso este el gran legado del movimiento estudiantil?La importancia del movimiento estudiantil radica en el despertar político ciudadano que se provocó, como respuesta al malestar existente en la sociedad. Además dio inicio a un debate público, en el cual se instauraron temas de absoluta relevancia que antes no eran considerados, junto con cuestionar las bases de la institucionalidad chilena en todos sus ámbitos. De la mano de este movimiento se desarrolló una nueva visión de Estado ampliando su función subsidiaria a ser el responsable de entregar una educación pública, gratuita y de calidad. El movimiento estudiantil constituyo la fuerza que dio paso a un movimiento social.Uno de los grandes logros del movimiento estudiantil fue el provocar un despertar político, es decir, que los chilenos recuperen su sentir de ciudadanos activos, capaces de construir objetivos transversales. El 2011 se presentó una crítica contra el sistema económico por considerar la educación como un bien de consumo, el cual es transado en el mercado y cuya calidad es regulada por medio de la competencia. En su lugar, se planteó la educación como un derecho social, por lo que como tal, todos los ciudadanos deberían de tener acceso en forma igualitaria. Tal como afirma Fernando Atria, "si la educación se trata de derechos sociales, no pueden ser distribuidos a través del mercado", sino que al ser todos igualmente ciudadanos, todos tienen el mismo derecho a la educación y oportunidades.Otro aspecto a considerar es que el movimiento estudiantil hizo que el Estado dejase de ser considerado como un ente pasivo, responsable de actuar sólo cuando el mercado no fuera capaz. Surge la exigencia de que el Estado sea el encargado de garantizar el derecho social de la educación, y no cualquier tipo de educación, sino que pública, gratuita y de calidad para todos. Ya no es suficiente que el Estado se preocupe sólo de aquellos que no pueden financiar el mínimo (monto subvención), sino que también es importante que se dé fin a la segregación y desigualdad.Otro de los temas de gran importancia que el movimiento instauró fue el lucro en la educación. Una de las primeras alarmas que apareció sobre...

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