Mrs Dalloways And The Hours Essay

4296 words - 17 pages

Mrs Dalloway e "As Horas"
IntroduçãoUma nova "era" despontava, gloriosa e revolucionária. A transição do séc. XIX para o séc. XX foi radical e completa. Mudanças irreconhecíveis originaram novos rumos, nos vários campos sociais, políticos e, especialmente, artísticos.No campo das artes, a grande ruptura com a tradição era patente nas mais variadas expressões, dando voz a um novo e inovador movimento artístico, denominado como "Modernismo". Este abarcou, em si, movimentos de cariz muito diferente, no entanto, com a mesma base, o "novo", a "modernidade". Uns, abraçavam o futuro, daí a serem apelidados de "Futuristas". Outros, por sentirem uma profunda nostalgia em relação ao passado, rejeitavam tudo o que pertencia ao mundo moderno, como algo nefasto, dando expressão, assim, ao "Modernismo Anglo- Americano".A Revolução Industrial do séc. XIX trouxe uma situação nova a muitos níveis. Tornou a sociedade inglesa maioritariamente urbana, pelo crescimento inusitado da cidade de Londres. A geração de transição de século é a primeira que apenas tem conhecimento da realidade urbana. A literatura modernista é, então, a primeira forma literária que enfrenta este facto novo, a "cidade".O progresso tecnológico, que adveio da Revolução Industrial do séc. XIX, trouxe inovações extremamente válidas e benéficas à sociedade, em geral, mas trouxe consigo também o seu lado nefasto, ao mostrar como a ciência pode ser usada como meio de destruição humana, o que desembocou na 1ª Guerra Mundial. Este acontecimento histórico e jamais esquecido originou "The Great Divide", a grande divisória entre o mundo optimista do séc. XIX e o mundo moderno e tecnológico, mas profundamente pessimista do séc. XX. A civilização cria a tecnologia e depois destrói-se a si mesma. A desilusão e a revolta instalam-se. Na cultura, a imagem que a civilização tinha de si mesma mudou radicalmente.Para os Modernistas conservadores e nostálgicos, o Passado era a melhor época e o Presente apresenta apenas desordem e caos. A noção de crise, a vários níveis, era clara, o que conduziu a uma terrível sensação de perda de confiança, especialmente, no Futuro. O mundo estava em desagregação. A nova sociedade demonstra a existência de indivíduos cada vez mais isolados, fragmentados, solitários, sem capacidade de comunicar ou estabelecer relações sólidas e profundas com os outros. O indivíduo fecha-se em si mesmo e vive sem raízes, alienado do resto do...

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