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Mugabes Effect On Zimbabwe Essay

607 words - 3 pages

In 1987, the position of Prime Minister was abolished and Mugabe assumed the new office of executive President of Zimbabwe gaining additional powers in the process. With his twenty-two year long rule he has turned Zimbabwe into a pariah state. With crimes against humanity, an economic collapse and political repression he has caused Zimbabwe a decade of suffering. Since taking office in December 31, 1987 he has been known for economic mismanagement, repressive economic and political policies, human rights violation and state terrorism. And due to these factors Robert Mugabe has destroyed Zimbabwe as a country.
During the 1980s Mugabe's economic policies were very socialist. When Unsuccessful market changes were started the economy became stagnant containing no growth. “And since 2000, the GDP declined by 40% due to land reform and high inflation rates.”(Lines 1197) This land reform caused the displacement of hundreds of white commercial farmers and thousands of their workers. This in turn resulted in land invasion and movement of locals who held the land for generations. With the locals not being on the tax system they were unable to access financial help to farm plots large enough to profit from. Much of the land was grabbed by European commercial farmers and members of the Zimbabwean elite. The result of this land reform was massive economic dislocation.
Since the land reform, up to 70,000 households remain displaced, living in poverty on the streets of Zimbabwe's cities and towns. And due to this land reform two to three million did not receive land, and lost their stability and were forced to move in order to find a better standard of living. Many others were forced into non-wage and casual work on the redistributed land. This turned Zimbabwe's economy for the worse. This loss of...

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