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Multiculturalism In Canada Essay

1014 words - 4 pages

Multiculturalism has become a controversial topic in the US and Canada as a result of increasing the number of immigrants from various backgrounds. Multiculturalism is a government policy such as the Canadian Multiculturalism Act. This policy has been established to manage cultural diversity which helps people to have deeper understanding of different cultures, races and religions in order to generate better interaction among different races in Canada and the US. This essay will discuss the advantages of North-American multiculturalism in terms of general tolerance and integration and economic development. Moreover, it will explore the disadvantages including socioeconomic discrimination and inequality, and less social and commercial engagement among different races.
In multicultural societies, there is a promotion of general tolerance and integration which allows people to be welcoming and accepting of various cultures. First, Canada and the United States are such welcoming environments where people can easily adjust and integrate with the locals due to multiculturalism. In other words, the adjustment to new living environment are more likely to be in more multicultural countries or cities. Study done by International Comparative Study of Ethnocultural Youth (ICSEY) reveals that multiculturalism policies have a good consequence in promoting the development of cultural integration (Berry el , 2006, cited in Banting & Kymlicka, 2010, p.61). For instance, Portuguese immigrants have integrated more effectively with the locals in Toronto where there are more various cultures than in Boston (Banting & Kymlicka, 2010, p.62). In addition, mixed marriage is the second result of better understanding and acceptance across different racial and religious groups. According to Milan and Hamm (2004, cited in Banting & Kymlicka, 2010, p.54), the census in 2001 shows that multiculturalism in Canada is one factor in the spread of mixed marriage among minority groups and the rate of interracial marriage among Japanese, Latin American, the blacks, Filipino and South Asian are 70%, 45%, 43%, 33% and 13% respectively. Therefore, people who live in multicultural countries could have more sense of freedom so that people can maintain their cultural value with more acceptance.
In addition, multiculturalism has a noticeable result on Canadian economic growth. Firstly, increasing the number of tourists ,as result of diverse cultures, helps the economic growth. Naidu (1995) states that multiculturalism is the main reason of having tourist business in Canada producing a great tourism revenue. Secondly, foreigners from different origins have a significant contribution to the investment and country's construction. Naidu (1995) further states that the non-British and French Canadian have an important effect on the economic growth by investing over $60 billion annually. Thirdly, the provision of foreign skilled workers might be beneficial for rising country's income which can...

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