TABLE OF CONTENTS
II. Theoretical Background5
1. Literature review5
2. Multiculturalism as a concept6
3. Canada as a multicultural state7
4. Multicultural features8
1. Joy Kogawa: Obasan10
1.1. Joy Kogawa as a multicultural writer10
1.2. Introducing the novel Obasan11
1.3. The language of the novel12
2. The multicultural features within the main characters' attitude12
2.1. Stephen - the character of assimilation12
2.2. Obasan - the character of separation14
2.3. Naomi- the character of integration16
2.4. Aunt Emily- the character of marginalization18
This paper examines Joy Kogawa's "Obasan", written in 1981. Kogawa tells the story of Canadians of Japanese ancestry and their years in Canada during and following the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbour in December 1941. Obasan is told through the eyes of a Japanese-Canadian woman, who is only five years old at the beginning of the war. My goal is to analyse the significance of the main characters from a multicultural perspective throughout the novel. In the centre of the novel there is a Japanese family who was deported to the rural Canadian town of Granton, Alberta after the beginning of the Second World War. At the beginning of my paper I describe the most important historical issues of the multicultural state of Canada. I would like to point out the most significant features that characterises Canada as a multicultural country. I have chosen four characters in the view of the best representing multicultural features. From the Japanese-Canadian family centred in the novel, the narrator, Megumi Naomi Nakane, her two aunts, Obasan and Emily and her brother, Stephen Nakane are examined. I set out to search for the determining multicultural aspects represented by the characters of the novel, namely, assimilation, Stephen Nakane, separation, Aya Obasan, integration, Naomi Nakane and marginalization, Emily Kato. I examine the characters from the point of view of their struggle to assimilate and their desire to preserve remnants of their culture origin. I would like to stress that their reaction to the exorbitant plights led to their identification with these multicultural features.
In my essay I would like to carry out an investigation on Joy Kogawa's novel, Obasan, written in 1981 on the basis of the recently defined field of multiculturalism. The paper is primarily concerned with the narrator's, Megumi Naomi Nakane's and her brother's, Stephen's and her two aunts' attitudes towards the culture of the adopted country, Canada. Their attitudes are mainly influenced by the relocation of the Canadians of Japanese descent throughout the Second World War. I would like to analyse how the presence and the disposition of the most important figures can affect the protagonist's personality.
Obasan is about Japanese-Canadians' experiences after December 7 in 1941, the bombing of...