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Muscular Dystrophy Essay

993 words - 4 pages

The first written account of Muscular Dystrophy occurred in 1830, composed by Sir Charles Bell (Audrey S. Penn, 2001). His essay, along with many other accounts, display instances of younger boys getting progressively weaker, losing the ability to walk, and dying at extremely early ages. These diagnostics continued to become more frequent up into the late 1800s and early 1900s. As these symptoms were being researched and observed it soon became prevalent that this disease can affect all people of any sex or age.
Muscular Dystrophy (or MD) is a general term representing more than 30 inherited diseases and subcategories that affect the skeletal, and in some cases involuntary, muscle regions ...view middle of the document...

Duchenne MD is represented (directly and/or indirectly) in half of all muscular dystrophy cases. Frequent falling, difficulty of standing up, inability to run and jump, and learning disabilities are examples of symptoms one would see in a patient with Duchenne muscular dystrophy. With this category of MD, most cases deal with young males and can lead to early death. Becker muscular dystrophy is very similar to Duchenne with regards to symptoms; however, they are milder in strength and onset slower. Also, Becker MD is more associated and likely to show up during the teenage years to mid-20s or even later. Myotonic (or Steinert’s) MD begins in early adulthood and takes away the ability to relax muscles at one’s will, starting in the facial region. Limb-Girdle MD is named as is with the shoulder and hip areas to be first affected during early childhood up through adulthood. Congenital Dystrophy is evident at birth (or before the age of 2), and varies greatly in severity meaning that one case could be slightly harmful and another could lead to brutal impairment. Fascioscapulohumeral (FSHD) Dystrophy affects muscles of the face, shoulders, and upper arms of early teens. FSHD’s most striking factor is the sign of the shoulder blades sticking out like wings when the patient of it raises their arms. Oculopharyngeal MD will first be noticed by the dropping of the eyelids. When it then spreads, troubles will begin to be seen in the eye, face, and throat or swallowing muscles. Signs and symptoms usually wont appear until the infected person’s 40s or 50s (Clinic, 2014). The main factor and symptom to take notice of is extreme muscle weakness. This can be challenging when dealing with younger children and elderly people because their overall strength is not very good to begin with.
Research of treatment and cures has been in action since its discovery and increasing knowledge. Although doctors and therapists can lessen and help the pain and improve bodily movement through symptomatic treatment, “the life expectancy and quality of life has not improved [as]...

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