Museum Assignment: Portrait Comparison Between The 17th And 19th Centuries

1299 words - 6 pages

The Flemish seventeenth century artist Peter Paul Reubens and the nineteen century French artist Jean Auguste Dominque Ingres had little in common besides their occupation, as both utilized very different styles in their art. Reubens’s work is classified under the Baroque style, a period between 1600 and 1750 as a contrast to the prior perfection of Renaissance art, whereas Ingres’s work is under Neoclassicism, which praised the Greek and Roman classics that inspired the Renaissance artists (Kleiner). Yet the two separate time periods and painting styles that influenced the painters also share small similarites, through visual quality and iconography. Reuben’s portrait of Susanna Fourment and Ingres’s portrait of Françoise Poncelle clearly belong to the specific artistic movements, but some aspects of painting remain timeless, with each artist drawing inspiration from prior work.
Peter Paul Reubens’s paintings were heavily influenced by his studio’s location in Antwerp. The city’s banking industry led to an emphasis upon works that a family could purchase, often within the upper middle class instead of the immensely wealthy. This emphasis allotted more time to be put into portraiture, in place of the large scale church altarpieces or palace paintings, which could be displayed in the family’s homes with more modesty. The Baroque period, a term that comes from the Portugese word “barroco”, or “irregularly shaped pearl” (Kleiner), is known for its bright colors, emphasis on reality’s relationship to fantasy, theatric quality, and dramatics. Many of Reubens’s paintings are allegorical, colorful, and inspired by numerous artists of the past as well as his current time. After the Renaissance period, artists took the classically influenced perfection within art and subverted it. Reubens’s “Portrait of a Woman, Probably Susanna Lunden”, started in 1625 and completed in 1627, has few stylistic Baroque elements. Unlike some of Reubens other works, it is smaller and less elaborate. It is an oil painting on wood, which gives only the woman’s eyes and face a clear quality. His brush strokes are more defined within the facial area and the hands, the most expressive points of the body and the painting, intended to connect the woman’s intrinsic emotions to the viewer. In later portraits, the subject is formally looking out with a blank stare at the viewer. Leonardo da Vinci, known for his illusive portraits that emphasize feeling, commented on the eyes, referring to them as the “window to the soul”(Kleiner). Here, the woman is intimately including the viewer into the portrait. Her relationship to Reubens is virtually unknown, besides the fact that she was his second wife Helena, the daughter of a Dutch merchant. The woman’s eyes are curious, and the pose is informal. Her hands are covering the dark veil around her face, clasping it closely to her body. They are relaxed, carefully holding against her dark garment. The mixture of brown with black in the...

Find Another Essay On Museum Assignment: Portrait Comparison Between the 17th and 19th Centuries

Comparing 17th and 19th Century Science

1654 words - 7 pages to add on to Victor’s conscience. After that Victor promises to devote the rest of his life to finding the monster and getting revenge.All of this was all because of the relentless pursuit of knowledge, and it ended up costing Victor his life. As we can see, there are many differences between The Advancement of Learning and Frankenstein. 19th century science has definitely changed from 17th century science, and it will continue to be a topic talked about for years to come.Francis Bacon. The Advancement of Learning. New York: The modern library, 2001Mary Shelley. Frankenstein. New York: Bantam Bell, 1981

"Arnolfini Portrait: Business or Pleasure?" A comparison between Rona Goffen and Erwin Panofsky's translation of the Arnolfini Wedding poitrait.

702 words - 3 pages In Erwin Panofsky's article he proposes the idea that the Arnolfini Portrait is a wedding portrait that acts as a "pictorial marriage certificate." He uses comparison to other similar works of his time and matrimonial literature and documents to confirm his theory. The Marriage of David and Michal, comes from a French Psalter and is a representation of a marriage ceremony. In both works of art, The Marriage of David and Michal and the Arnolfini

The Educational Advances of Women in the 17th and 18th Centuries//Did wome have their own Renaissance

2859 words - 11 pages societies, women generally were at a disadvantage. Their education was limited to learning domestic skills, and they had no access to positions of power. The Enlightenment, with its egalitarian political importance, provided a favorable climate for the rise of feminism in the 17th and 18th centuries, and many extraordinary women from all walks of life found ways to exercise their powers and leave records of their brilliance.Sor Juana Ines de la Cruz

European Influence on the Ottoman Empire and Egypt During the 18th and Early 19th Centuries

1021 words - 4 pages From the 18th century through the beginning of the 19th century, European influence was a significant force in various aspects of the Ottoman Empire, Egypt, and Iran. Although the reforms, coined primarily by Gelvin as “defensive developmentalism,” were initially intended to centralize governmental control and strengthen the military, the actual effects were much broader. Based on varying pre-existing conditions and unique approaches to

Three Women Writers: A Study in Virtue and Christianity of the 18th and 19th centuries

2374 words - 9 pages Three Women Writers: A Study in Virtue and Christianity of the 18th and 19th centuries The popularity of Toni Morrison's Beloved has recently awakened a mainstream interest in African-American literature. Writers, such as Maya Angelou and Langston Hughes, have also facilitated the infiltration of African American voices into popular culture. This website is devoted to three women who, like Morrison and Angelou, have aided in the formation and

The United States role in World Affairs In the 19th and 20th Centuries

1362 words - 5 pages The United States has been a major player in world affairs over the last two centuries. In the years following its War of Independence, its policies tended to be isolationist, but over the centuries it has been transformed, mainly by trade and economic imperatives, into a superpower that exerts military, economic and cultural domination over much of the rest of the world. The following essay will outline some of the main events of this

Different image of the wife between sixteenth centuries and today

610 words - 2 pages wife between sixteenth centuries and today? We can divide three different images to explain in the Shakespeare's play ' The Taming of the shrew' and two articles for ' Japanese women no longer resigned to traditional roles' and ' Men, women more confused about roles'.The first different image is that many wives liked to live with their husband together in sixteenth centuries. In 'The Taming of the shrew', Katherine needed to live in the Petruchio's

Reflections of Social Revolution: British Literature of the 18th and 19th centuries

2314 words - 9 pages time period. Through a thorough examination of the works of modern intellectuals and the authors of this time period, it becomes obvious that the Great Britain of the 18th and 19th centuries experienced a marked and critical change in the view of women’s roles, particularly with regards to equal educational opportunities, that was clearly reflected in the literature of the period. Among those who argue against any marked change in the position

Does "The Taming of the shrew" provide the audience with a fair representation of the treatment of and views towards women in the 16th and 17th centuries?

3168 words - 13 pages Katherina, he goes to her father first to ask him about a dowry. A dowry is a financial agreement between the groom and the father of the bride. Where the father gives the groom a sum of money or land, for taking his daughter of his hands.Further more in "The Taming Of The Shrew", Baptista (Katherina and Bianca's father) and Pertruchio agree on and arrange the marriage before Katherina and Pertruchio have even met. In the 16th and 17th centuries

A Metaphysical Comparison between "The Secret Life of Bees" by Sue Monk Kidd and "A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man" by James Joyce

1543 words - 6 pages The Development of the ArtistArtists come in many forms, shapes, and sizes, but all artists start out as children. It is often through experiences acquired while growing up that one has topics and inspiration for creating later in life. Lily Owens, the protagonist of The Secret Life of Bees by Sue Monk Kidd, and Stephen Dedalus, the protagonist of A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man by James Joyce, are similar characters destined to

Changes in opiate use and addiction and in social perceptions of opiates in the USA and England through the 19th and 20th centuries

2186 words - 9 pages Social Bore to Crack Whore:The Evolution of the Drug AddictBy Amber RobinsonDiscuss changes in patterns of Opiate Use and Addiction and in social perceptions of opiates in the united states and england in the 19th and 20th CenturiesThere has been major shifts in the attitude towards opiates and users over the 19th and 20th Century, from its initial state as a medical issue to the current status as a matter for the legal system. While the actual

Similar Essays

Poets During The 17th And 18th Centuries

3732 words - 15 pages Poets during the 17th and 18th centuries, which were also referred to as the Neo-Classical period, focused on a revival of classical forms and restraints. Two well known Neo-Classical poets were John Dryden and Alexander Pope, who both used heroic couplets and stanzas, satire, and other epic tropes to create mock heroic poetry with strict form. By the turn of the 19th century, poets began to loosen the restraints on forms that were enforced

The Art Of War In The 17th And 18th Centuries

1116 words - 4 pages The Art of War in the 17th and 18th Centuries The Art of War in the 17th and 18th Centuries is a history course book whose author's are United States Military Academy history instructors Lieutenant Colonel Dave Richard Palmer and Major Albert Sidney Britt III. The textbook gives an insight into the military tactics and the political reasons when they were brought about in the 17th and 18th centuries. The text was published in West Point

Immigrant Life In The 19th And 20th Centuries

2170 words - 9 pages American was a prosperous country with incredible economic growth between the end of Reconstruction and the Great Depression. It was during this time that "industrial expansion went into high gear because increasing manufacturing efficiencies enabled American firms to cut prices and yet earn profits for financing still better equipment (Henretta 488)." During this era, the manufacturing of steel, the construction of railroads, factories

Immigrant Life In The 19th And 20th Centuries

2034 words - 8 pages American was a prosperous country with incredible economic growth between the end of Reconstruction and the Great Depression. It was during this time that "industrial expansion went into high gear because increasing manufacturing efficiencies enabled American firms to cut prices and yet earn profits for financing still better equipment (Henretta 488)." During this era, the manufacturing of steel, the construction of railroads, factories, and