Music: The Harmony Of Culture Essay

1301 words - 5 pages

Present in throughout the Hindu, Greek, and Judaic cultures, is the divine and meticulous use of music in various ways. Similarly between these cultures, music is symbolic of the most important and sacred concepts. The musical elements often exist to celebrate parts of the culture, to provide an element of sound to express spiritually, and to worship one or more Gods. Furthermore, music has occupied a central place in Hindu, Greek, and Judaic cultures, in which there are intrinsic musical principles, an arrangement of different instruments, and several forms and textures within all three cultures.
In Hindu culture, it believed that music has a spiritual journey. Nada Brahma is predominant doctrine that means “Sound is God,” similar to concept in Judaic music. Under this principle, frequencies of sound are said to have created the entire universe. Thus, music is a way in which one can worship god. In comparison, Greeks also see music to be connected to the universe due to several scientific studies of acoustics and mathematics. Likewise, in the Judaic culture music is believed to be a creation of God that should be used wisely and to worship God.
Furthermore, “Om/Aum” is the most basic and most important mantra and every other sound or mantra is encompassed in this sound. The Om is the physically manifested sound that is used in the process of meditation and “becoming one.” The syllable Om has been used to represent a vast number of trios. The Om can bring to mind the Hindu Trinity: Brahma, Visnu, and Shiva and the creation, the maintaining of, and destruction of the universe. However in the Greek culture there are is a more theoretical approach pertaining to music and liked examining things from a human perspective.
The Greek music theorist, Pythagoris, believed in the universal law of harmony and generally credited with having discovered that musical intervals, which are recognized as concordant, are related by small integer ratios. Another theory about music was “logos” and “pathos”. The Dionysian approach emphasized emotions, sensuality, desire, and function over form. Whereas, the Apollonian approach consisted of concepts such as reason, self-restraint, and form over function. The idea of Ethos was thought mean that “Good” music leads to ethical behavior and bad “music the opposite. Moreover, due to concept of ethos, several Jews believed logos music was to be used as worship music and that played music was simply not worthy of being played. Thus, there was an inherent difference in musical pieces and instruments played amongst both cultures, and Hindu culture as well.
Indeed in Hindu culture, rhythm is a vital musical element. For example Shiva Nataraja, the Lord of dance is dancing because there is a rhythm to the samsara, the cycle of death and rebirth. In addition, there is a rhythmic system called the Tala that refers to recurring dynamic sequence that comes to an end by finishing on the first beat of the cycle. The Tala...

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