Musset, Vigny Essay

1432 words - 6 pages

Lamartine, Vigny, Musset(fiche- synthèse)Alphonse de Lamartine (1790-1869)Repères bibliographiques:1820: Méditations poétiques1830: Harmonies poétiques et religieuses1836: Jocelyn1838:La Chute d'un ange1839: Recueillements poétiquesRepères biographiques:Admirateur de la vie champêtre (le village de Milly)Auteurs favoris: Virgile, Horace, ChateaubriandEsprit profondément religieux; attitude sceptique après la perte des êtres chers (sa fille Julia, sa bien-aimée Julie Charles- Elvire dans son oeuvre)Carrière diplomatique, élection à l'Académie française, en 1829.Vocation politique (écrivain engagé): député, orateur de grand talent, chef du gouvernement provisoire proclamant la République pendant la révolution de 1848; échec aux éléctions à la Présidence de la République; les derniers 20 ans de sa vie dans l'oubli et dans la nécessité des "travaux forcés" (ouvrages historiques surtout ou de compilation, pour surmonter les ennuis matériels)Vision sur la poésie et le rôle du poète dans la société:-La démocratie este la voie du succès pour les peuples; les réformes nécessaires pour l'amélioration de la vie matérielle et spirituelle des prolétaires (v. aussi Hugo)-La poésie sera la raison chantée/.../ elle va se faire peuple et devenir populaire comme la religion, la raison et la philosophie. (préface des Méditations)-La vérité c'est mon pays (v. Le texte La Marseillaise de la Paix, 1841)-Avec l'humanité s'unir par chaque pore (le texte Utopie du vol. Recueillements poétiques)-Lamartine est poète du moi et poète de la cité à la fois.1820: Méditations poétiques ("soupirs de l'âme")24 poèmes, un petit recueil qui fera pourtant une révolution dans la poésie romantique: Lamartine est le premier poète à utiliser "les fibres même du coeur de l'homme, touchées et émues par les innombrables frissons de l'âme et de la nature" (Préface)Originalité du volume: la contemplation de la nature à travers les sentiments/ les thèmes: la fuite du temps, la nature éternelle, la fragilité du bonheur, le pouvoir magique du souvenir,la recherche de Dieu.Les lieux favorits de la contemplation: le lac, le vallon, la montagne. (v. le texte Le Lac)Appréciation sur le volume: Lamartine est un harmoniste de l'âme, un vrai enchanteur dans le sillage de Chateaubriand/ Henri Guillemin); la création de Lamartine est une poésie de l'évanouissement/ Georges PouletStyle du volume: allusions mythologiques, exclamations, interrogations, ton...

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